IJOC  Vol.4 No.2 , June 2014
Visible Light Induced Knoevenagel Condensation Catalyzed by Starfruit Juice of Averrhoa carambola
ABSTRACT
Aqueous starfruit juice catalyzed a simple and efficient Knoevenagel condensation of aromatic aldehydes with malononitrile has been developed under visible light. Products were obtained in yields up to 98% after short reaction times and they were isolated by simple filtration in pure crystallization states. The method is green and economically viable. A plausible mechanism for photochemical Knoevenagel condensation reaction catalyzed by starfruit juice was also predicted.

Cite this paper
Pal, R. and Sarkar, T. (2014) Visible Light Induced Knoevenagel Condensation Catalyzed by Starfruit Juice of Averrhoa carambola. International Journal of Organic Chemistry, 4, 106-115. doi: 10.4236/ijoc.2014.42012.
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