IJAA  Vol.4 No.2 , June 2014
Gravitational Lensing by Spherical Lenses
Abstract: In this work we introduced a new proposal to study the gravitational lensing theory by spherical lenses, starting from its surface mass density ∑(x) written in terms of a decreasing function f of a dimensionless coordinate x on the lens plane. The main result is the use of the function f(x) to find directly the lens properties, at the same time that the lens problem is described by a first order differential equation which encodes all information about the lens. SIS and NIS profiles are used as examples to find their functions f(x). Using the Poisson equation we find that the deflection angle is directly proportional to f(x), and therefore the lens equation can be written in terms of the function and the parameters of the lens. The critical and caustic curves, as well as image formation and magnification generated by the lens are analyzed. As an example of this method, the properties of a lens modeled by a NFW profile are determined. Although the puntual mass is spherically symmetric, its mass density is not continuous so that its f(x) function is discussed in Appendix 1.
Cite this paper: Hurtado, R. , Castañeda, L. and Tejeiro, J. (2014) Gravitational Lensing by Spherical Lenses. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 4, 340-352. doi: 10.4236/ijaa.2014.42028.

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