Back
 AJPS  Vol.5 No.11 , May 2014
Effect of Various Intensities of Drought Stress on δ13C Variation among Plant Organs in Rice: Comparison of Two Cultivars
Abstract: The δ13C value is widely used to assess the effects of drought on water status in plants. However, there is little information regarding the δ13C signature in different organs of rice. We conducted a field study to examine whether the δ13C among different plant parts would be affected by the intensities of drought, and to evaluate genotypic variation in δ13C fluctuation among plant parts affected by drought intensities. Two cultivars, “Nipponbare” (Oryzasativa ssp. japonica) and “Kasalath” (O. sativa ssp. indica), were grown in the field with a line-source sprinkler system. The δ13C values of panicles, flag leaves, straws, culms, and roots were measured from plant samples. The δ13C value increased as drought stress increased, especially in the panicles and roots. “Nipponbare” showed higher values of δ13C than “Kasalath” under the well-watered and mild drought stress conditions, but there was no significant difference between the genotypes in the δ13C value under the severe drought stress condition. The variation in δ13C value among different plant parts was also increased with increasing drought stress. In contrast, these variations were small under well-watered conditions. Furthermore, there was much greater variation in the δ13C value among different plant parts in “Kasalath” than in “Nipponbare” when the plants were grown under drought stress conditions. A significant negative relationship was observed between the δ13C value of panicles and shoot dry matter production, suggesting that the δ13C value of panicles may be the best indicator of plant water status in rice.
Cite this paper: Kano-Nakata, M. , Tatsumi, J. , Inukai, Y. , Asanuma, S. and Yamauchi, A. (2014) Effect of Various Intensities of Drought Stress on δ13C Variation among Plant Organs in Rice: Comparison of Two Cultivars. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 1686-1693. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.511183.
References

[1]   Farquhar, G.D. and Richards, R.A. (1984) Isotope Composition of Plant Carbon Correlates with Water-Use Efficiency of Wheat Genotypes. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 11, 539-552.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/PP9840539

[2]   Farquhar, G.D., Ehleringer, J.R. and Hubick, K.T. (1989) Carbon Isotope Discrimination and Photosynthesis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 40, 503-537.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pp.40.060189.002443

[3]   Condon, A.G., Richards, R.A., Rebetzke, G.J. and Farquhar, G.D. (2002) Improving Water-Use Efficiency and Crop Yield. Crop Science, 42, 122-131.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2002.0122

[4]   Xu, X., Yuan, H., Li, S., Trethowan, R. and Monneveux, P. (2007) Relationship between Carbon Isotope Discrimination and Grain Yield in Spring Wheat Cultivated under Different Water Regimes. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 49, 1497-1507.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1672-9072.2007.00562.x

[5]   Kondo, M., Pablico, P.P., Aragones, D.V. and Agbisit, R. (2004) Genotypic Variations in Carbon Isotope Discrimination, Transpiration Efficiency, and Biomass Production in Rice as Affected by Soil Water Conditions and N. Plant and Soil, 267, 165-177.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-005-4884-6

[6]   Zhao, B., Kondo, M., Maeda, M., Ozaki, Y. and Zhang, J. (2004) Water-Use Efficiency and Carbon Isotope Discrimination in Two Cultivars of Upland Rice during Different Developmental Stages under Three Water Regimes. Plant and Soil, 261, 61-75.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:PLSO.0000035562.79099.55

[7]   Impa, S.M., Nadaradjan, S., Boominathan, P., Shashidhar, G., Bindumadhava, H. and Sheshshayee, M.S. (2005) Carbon Isotope Discrimination Accurately Reflects Variability in WUE Measured at a Whole Plant Level in Rice. Crop Science, 45, 2517-2522.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2005.0119

[8]   Centritto, M., Lauteri, M., Monteverdi, M.C. and Serraj, R. (2009) Leaf Gas Exchange, Carbon Isotope Discrimination, and Grain Yield in Contrasting Rice Genotypes Subjected to Water Deficits during the Reproductive Stage. Journal of Experimental Botany, 60, 2325-2339.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erp123

[9]   Zhu, L., Li, S.H., Liang, Z.S., Xu, X. and Li, Y. (2009) Relationship between Carbon Isotope Discrimination, Mineral Content and Gas Exchange Parameters in Vegetative Organs of Wheat Grown under Three Different Water Regimes. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 196, 175-184.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2009.00404.x

[10]   Chen, J., Chang, X.S. and Anyia, A.O. (2013) Physiological Characterization of Recombinant Inbred Lines of Barley with Contrasting Levels of Carbon Isotope Discrimination. Plant and Soil, 369, 335-349.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1578-8

[11]   Krishnamurthy, L., Kashiwagi, J., Tobita, S., Ito, O., Upadhyaya, H.D., Gowda, C.L.L., Gaur, P.M., Sheshshayee, M.S., Singh, S., Vadez, V. and Varshney, R.K. (2013) Variation in Carbon Isotope Discrimination and its Relationship with Harvest Index in the Reference Collection of Chickpea Germplasm. Functional Plant Biology, 40, 1350-1361.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP13088

[12]   Bellaloui, N. (2011) Effect of Water Stress and Foliar Boron Application on Seed Protein, Oil, Fatty Acids, and Nitrogen Metabolism in Soybean. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 2, 692-701.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2011.25084

[13]   Laza, M.R., Kondo, M., Ideta, O., Barlaan, E. and Imbe, T. (2006) Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci for δ13Cand Productivity in Irrigated Lowland Rice. Crop Science, 46, 763-773. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2005.05.0084

[14]   Xu, Y., This, D., Pausch, R.C., Vonhof, W.M., Coburn, J.R., Comstock, J.P. and McCouch, S.R. (2009) Leaf-Level Water Use Efficiency Determined by Carbon Isotope Discrimination in Rice Seedlings: Genetic Variation Associated with Population Structure and QTL Mapping. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 118, 1065-1081.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-009-0963-z

[15]   Takai, T., Ohsumi, A., San-oh, Y., Laza, M.R.C., Kondo, M., Yamamoto, T. and Yano, M. (2009) Detection of a Quantitative Trait Locus Controlling Carbon Isotope Discrimination and Its Contribution to Stomatal Conductance in Japonica Rice. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 118, 1401-1410.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-009-0990-9

[16]   This, D., Comstock, J., Courtois, B., Xu, Y., Ahmadi, N., Vonhof, W.M., Fleet, C., Setter, T. and McCouch, S. (2010) Genetic Analysis of Water Use Efficiency in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) at the Leaf Level. Rice, 3, 72-86.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12284-010-9036-9

[17]   Hall, A.E., Mutters, R.G., Hubick, K.T. and Farquha, G.D. (1990) Genotypic Differences in Carbon Isotope Discrimination by Cowpea under Wet and Dry Field Conditions. Crop Science, 30, 300-305.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1990.0011183X003000020011x

[18]   Acevedo, E. (1993) Potential of Carbon Isotope Discrimination as a Selection Criterion in Barley breedIng. In: Ehleringer, J.R., Hall, A.E. and Farquhar, G.D., Eds., Stable Isotopes and Plant Carbon-Water Relations, Academic Press, New York, 399-417.

[19]   Monti, A., Amaducci, M.T., Pritoni, G. and Venturi, G. (2006) Variation in Carbon Isotope Discrimination during Growth and at Different Organs in Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.). Field Crops Research, 98, 157-163.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2006.01.002

[20]   Peuke, A.D., Gessler, A. and Rennenberg, H. (2006) The Effect of Drought on C and N Stable Isotopes in Different Fractions of Leaves, Stems and Roots of Sensitive and Tolerant Beech Ecotypes. Plant Cell and Environment, 29, 823-835.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01452.x

[21]   Grant, O.M., Davies, M.J., James, C.M., Johnson, A.W., Leinonen, I. and Simpson, D.W. (2012) Thermal Imaging and Carbon Isotope Composition Indicate Variation amongst Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) Cultivars in Stomatal Conductance and Water Use Efficiency. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 76, 7-15.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2011.09.013

[22]   Kano, M., Inukai, Y., Kitano, H. and Yamauchi, A. (2011) Root Plasticity as the Key Root Trait for Adaptation to Various Intensities of Drought Stress in Rice. Plant and Soil, 342, 117-128.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0675-9

[23]   Matsunami, M., Matsunami, T., Ogawa, A., Toyofuku, K., Kodama, I. and Kokubun, M. (2012) Genotypic Variation in Biomass Production at the Early Vegetative Stage among Rice Cultivars Subjected to Deficient Soil Moisture Regimes and Its Association with Water Uptake Capacity. Plant Production Science, 15, 82-91.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1626/pps.15.82

[24]   Matsunami, M., Matsunami, T., Kon, K., Ogawa, A., Kodama, I. and Kokubun, M. (2013) Genotypic Variation in Nitrogen Uptake during Early Growth among Rice Cultivars under Different Soil Moisture Regimes. Plant Production Science, 16, 238-246.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1626/pps.16.238

[25]   Brugnoli, E. and Farquhar, G.D. (2000) Photosynthetic Fractionation of Carbon Isotopes. In: Leegood, R.C., Sharkey, T.D. and Von Caemmerer, S., Eds., Photosynthesis: Physiology and Metabolism, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 352-434.

[26]   Tran, T.T., Kano-Nakata, M., Takeda, M., Menge, D., Mitsuya, S., Inukai, Y. and Yamauchi, A. (2014) Nitrogen Application Enhanced the Expression of Developmental Plasticity of Root Systems Triggered by Mild Drought Stress in Rice. Plant and Soil, 378, 139-152.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-013-2013-5

 
 
Top