OJFD  Vol.4 No.2 , June 2014
Thermal Radiation, Joule Heating, and Viscous Dissipation Effects on MHD Forced Convection Flow with Uniform Surface Temperature
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we studied the effects of thermal radiation, Joule heating and viscous dissipation on forced convection flow in a magnetohydrodynamics (namely MHD) pump in rectangular channel with uniform surface temperature. Numerical results were obtained by solving the nonlinear governing momentum and energy equations with steady state fully developed assumptions by finite difference method. The Lorentz force in momentum and Joule heating, and viscous dissipation in energy equation with the Rossel and approximation are assumed to increase the knowledge of the details of the temperature and flow field in order to design a MHD pump. The purpose of this study is the parametric study of a Newtonian fluid in a MHD pump. The values of maximum velocity, fully developed Nusselt number for different values of magnetic density flux, Brinkman number, viscous heating and radiation number are obtained. However, the maximum temperature stays almost constant with magnetic field, as current increases, the velocity and the temperature increase too. Besides, the increase of thermal radiation number causes the increase in effective thermal conductivity and decrease in thermal boundary layer and the Nusselt number at wall.

Cite this paper
Jamalabadi, M. and Park, J. (2014) Thermal Radiation, Joule Heating, and Viscous Dissipation Effects on MHD Forced Convection Flow with Uniform Surface Temperature. Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics, 4, 125-132. doi: 10.4236/ojfd.2014.42011.
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