Sinkkonen, S., Koponen, H. and Nuutinen, K. (1992) Current and Future Work Roles of Hospital Nursing Directors. Hoitotied, 4, 60-71.
 Omoike, O., Stratton, K.M., Brooks, B.A., Ohlson, S. and Storfjell, J.L. (2011) Advancing Nursing Leadership. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 35, 323-332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NAQ.0b013e31822f1529
 Tanioka, T., Kataoka, M., Yasuhara, Y., Miyagawa, M. and Ueta I. (2011) The Role of Nurse Administrators and Managers in Quality Psychiatric Care. The Journal of Medical Investigation, 58, 1-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.2152/jmi.58.1
 Tanioka, T., Chiba S., Onishi, Y., Kataoka, M., Kawamura, A., Tomotake, M., et al. (2013) Factors Associated with Discharge of Long-Term Inpatients with Schizophrenia in Japan: A Retrospective Study. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 34, 256-264. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01612840.2012.742602
 Pitkänen, A., Hätönen, H., Kuosmanen, L. and Välimäki, M. (2008) Patients’ Descriptions of Nursing Interventions Supporting Quality of Life in Acute Psychiatric Wards: A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45, 1598-1606.
 Callaly, T. and Arya, D. (2005) Organizational Change Management in Mental Health. Australas Psychiatry, 3, 120-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/j.1440-1665.2005.02173.x
 Shur, R. and Simons, N. (2008) Quality Issues in Health Care Research and Practice. Nursing Economics, 26, 258-262.
 Taguchi, M. and Tsuruta, K. (2009) Study of Data Items Used by Nurse Administrators in Operating Facilities. Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing Bulletin, 23, 27-35, in Japanese.
 NTT DATA Mathematical Systems Inc. https://www.msi.co.jp/english/
 Roger, K., Collet, C., Fumai, N. and Petroni, M. (1992) Nursing Workload Management for a Patient Data Management System. Proceedings of Fifth Annual IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, Durham, 14-17 June 1992, 216-223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CBMS.1992.244945
 Welton, J.M. (1997) Development of a Computerized Database for a Nursing Quality Management Program. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 46, 82-87.
 Zhang, H., Zhang, H. and Sun, J. (2012) The Information Platform Structure about the Comprehensive Evaluation System Model for Nursing Outcomes. Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Communications and Networks (CECNet), Yichang, 21-23 April 2012, 671-673.
 Kontio, E., Lundgren-Laine, H., Kontio, J., Korvenranta, H. and Salanterä, S. (2013) Information Utilization in Tactical Decision Making of Middle Management Health Managers. Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 31, 9-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NXN.0b013e318261f192
 Wang, X.S., Nayda, L. and Dettinger, R. (2007) Infrastructure for a Clinical-Decision-Intelligence System. IBM Systems Journal, 46, 151-169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1147/sj.461.0151
 Tanioka, T., Osaka, K., Chiba, S., Parker, C., Yasuhara, Y., Locsin, R., et al. (2011) PSYCHOMS®, An Electronic Nursing Management System to Facilitate Interdisciplinary Communication and Improve Patient Outcomes in Psychiatric Hospitals. Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Natural Language Processing and Knowledge Engineering (NLP-KE), Tokushima, 27-29 November 2011, 447-453. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NLPKE.2011.6138241
 Gillies, D.A. and Yano, M. (1986) Nursing Management: A Systems Approach. W.B. Saunders Company/Herusu Shuppan, Orlando. (In Japanese)
 Japanese Nursing Association Nurse Function Committee (1995) Nurse Operating Indicator. Japanese Nursing Association Publishing Company, Tokyo. (In Japanese)
 Iseda, A., Kotani, S., Kamitsuru, S., Kashiwagi, K., Kashiwagi, M. and Okaya, K. (2005) Developing Nursing Database to Examine Nurse Staffing Ratios—Philological Consideration of the Relationship between Nursing Services and the Patient Outcomes. The Journal of the Japan Academy of Nursing Administration and Policies, 9, 45-59.
 Miyagawa, M., Doi, J., Yasuhara, Y. and Tanioka, T. (2013) Clarification of a Staff Assignment Process Based upon the Thought Process of Nursing Administrators in Psychiatric Hospitals. Shikoku Acta Medica, 69, 73-78. (In Japanese)
 Mitchell, N., Randell, R., Foster, R., Dowding, D., Lattimer, V., Thompson, C., Cullum, N. and Summers, R. (2009) A National Survey of Computerized Decision Support Systems Available to Nurses in England. Journal of Nursing Management, 17, 772-780. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2834.2009.00986.x.
 Miyagawa, M., Yasuhara, Y., Tanioka, T. and Locsin, R. (2013) Clarification of a Demand Function Required for A Staff Assignments Support Program for Nursing Administrator Use in Psychiatric Hospitals. Information, 17, 361-366.
 Akiyama, M., Koshio, A. and Kaihotsu, N. (2010) Analysis of Data Captured by Barcode Medication Administration System Using a PDA; Aiming at Reducing Medication Errors at Point of Care in Japanese Red Cross Kochi Hospital. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 160, 774-778.
 Leong, C.S. (2011) Factors Contributing to Contemporary Nursing Shortage in Macao. Journal of Nursing Management, 20, 491-501. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01272.x
 Jenko, M., Gillette, B. and Gonzalez, L. (1990) The Development of an Evaluation Tool for Unit-Based Quality Assurance. Journal of Nursing Quality Assurance, 4, 63-70.
 Seki, Y. (2008) Working Condition Factors Associated with Time Pressure of Nurses in Japanese Hospitals. Journal of Occupational Health, 50, 181-190. http://dx.doi.org/10.1539/joh.L7031
 Kerfoot, K. (2006) Beyond Busyness: Creating Slack in the Organization. Nursing Economics, 24, 168-170.
 Cheah, J. (2000) Clinical Pathways—An Evaluation of Its Impact on the Quality of Care in an Acute Care General Hospital in Singapore. Singapore Medical Journal, 41, 335-346.
 Matsumoto, K., Tanioka, T., Osaka, K., Kawamura, A., Ueno, S., Ren, F., Takasaka, Y., Barnard, A., Locsin, R. and Omori, M. (2009) Developing the Method of Server Controlled Outcomes Management and Variance Analysis. Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science, 225, 221-237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.entcs.2008.12.076
 Iwata, H., Tsumoto, S. and Hirano, S. (2012) Data-Oriented Construction and Maintenance of Clinical Pathway Using Similarity-Based Data Mining Methods. IEEE 12th International Conference on Data Mining Workshops (ICDMW), Brussels, 10 December 2012, 293-300.