JACEN  Vol.3 No.2 , May 2014
Water Phytoremediation by Sedimentation Using Moringa oleifera Seed Powder to Remove Water Turbidity in Malaysia
Abstract: The study was carried out to evaluate the efficiency of a natural coagulant that is Moringa oleifera seeds in removing turbid from Malaysian water. Three water samples were used in this study subjected to purification studies using Moringa oleifera seeds that were collected during two different seasons that are dry season (February-March) and rainy season (October-November). The treated water samples were tested for turbidity level, pH level and color index. The result shows that Moringa oleifera seed collected during drought season has the ability to remove turbidity up to 88.0% and has better color index compared seeds collected during rainy season. The ability of Moringa oleifera seeds protein to act as a magnet assists in attracting the flocks and turbid in the water. Although not as effective as conventional chemicals, Moringa oleifera shows remarkable ability to remove turbid and encourages the use of natural coagulant in water treatment plants as it is cheap and environmental friendly.  
Cite this paper: Narayasamy, S. and Saud, H. (2014) Water Phytoremediation by Sedimentation Using Moringa oleifera Seed Powder to Remove Water Turbidity in Malaysia. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 3, 74-79. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2014.32009.

[1]   Katayon, S., Megat Mohd Noor, M.J., Asma, M., Thamer, A.M., Liew Abdullah, A.G., Idris, A., Suleyman, A.M., Aminuddin, M.B. and Khor, B.C. (2004) Effects of Storage Duration and Temperature of Moringa oleifera Stock Solution on Its Performance in Coagulation. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 146-151.

[2]   Ndabigengsere, A. and Narasiah, K. (1996) Influence of Operating Parameters on Turbidity Removal by Coagulation with Moringa oleifera Seeds. Environmental Technology, 17, 1103-1112.

[3]   Jose, E.S.P., Marcia, M., Tulio, R. and Marcia, S. (2010) Water Treatment by Sedimentation and Slow Fabric Filtration Using Moringa oleifera Seeds. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5, 1256-1263.

[4]   Correa, M. (1984) Dictionalry of Exotic Plant Cultivars in Brasil. Ministry of Agriculture of Brasil, Brasiia.

[5]   Schwarz, D. (2000) Water Clarification Using Moringa oleifera. Gate Information Service, Eschborn.

[6]   Futi, A.P., Oteino, W.S., Acholla, O.J., Oteino, W.A., Ochieng, O.S. and Mukisira, M.C. (2011) Harvesting Surface Rainwater—Purification Using Moringa oleifera Seed Extracts and Aluminum Sulfate. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 3, 102-112.

[7]   Bergman, E., Matsinhe, M., Pearson, N. and Arnoldsson, K.M. (2008) Assessment of Drinking Water Treatment Using Moringa oleifera Natural Coagulant. VATTEN Edition, 64, 137-150.

[8]   Katayon, S., Megat Mohd Noor, M.J., Asma, M., Abdul Ghani, L.A., Thamer, A.M., Azni, I., et al. (2006) Effect of Storage Conditions of Moringa oleifera Seeds on Its Performance in Coagulation. Bioresource Technology, 97, 1455-1460.