IJMPCERO  Vol.3 No.2 , May 2014
Lung Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Using an Abdominal Compression System, “Air-Bag System”
ABSTRACT

We investigated respiratory tumor motion in lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with use of the “Air-Bag System”. 114 patients underwent four-dimensional (4D) computed tomography (CT) from October 2010 to April 2012. Gross tumor volume (GTV) was 8.1 ± 11.0 cc (range 0.3 - 77.5 cc). The tumor site was the upper and middle lobes in 62 cases, and lower lobe in 52 cases. The Air-Bag SystemTM consists of an inelastic air bag connected to a second smaller elastic air bag. The inelastic air bag is placed between the patient’s body surface and a HipFix and is secured by pressure adjustment via the elastic air bag. To assess respiratory tumor motion, the centroid of the tumor position is measured in the left-right, anterior-posterior, and caudal-cranial directions using the iPlan RT DoseTM treatment planning system. Respiratory tumor motion vector for patients with upper/middle and lower lobe tumors was 3.0 ± 2.2 mm (range, 0.4 - 11.7 mm) and 6.5 ± 4.6 mm (range, 0.4 - 22.0 mm) respectively, with this difference being significant (p < 0.05). Mean respiratory tumor motion for all patients was 0.9 ± 0.6 mm (range, 0.1 - 3.6 mm) in the left-right direction, 1.5 ± 1.1 mm (range, 0.1 - 5.7 mm) in the anterior-posterior direction, 4.1 ± 4.0 mm (range, 0.1 - 21.4 mm) in the caudal-cranial direction, and 4.7 ± 4.0 mm (range, 0.4 - 22.0 mm) overall. The Air-Bag System is expected to be provided an effective reduction in the motion of lung tumors.


Cite this paper
Miura, H. , Oh, R. , Masai, N. , Shiomi, H. , Yamada, K. and Inoue, T. (2014) Lung Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Using an Abdominal Compression System, “Air-Bag System”. International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology, 3, 98-106. doi: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2014.32015.
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