ABSTRACT Urban Logistics Infrastructure (ULI) is an important area of urban competition capability. The connotation of Urban Logistics Capability (ULC) is analyzed in this paper. Compared with the extensive research on ULC in developed world, empirical work is still rare in China. In this paper the theory of ULC is firstly overviewed. Then a new evaluation index system for ULC evaluation is set up which contains factors that reflect the market supply and demand, economic devel-opment and transportation accessibility. Secondly, an empirical study is carried out by using Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method to classify ULC into 3 clusters for 30 cities in Peo-ple's Republic of China. Thirdly, according to the characteristics of the 3 clusters, suggestions are proposed for im-proving their ULI. Finally, after comparing different ULC of 30 cities in People's Republic of China, this paper focuses on that different logistics infrastructure including Hub, Central Distribution Center &amp; Cross Docking Center, Regional Distribution Center or Distribution Center should be build reasonably in order to meet the customer’s requirement in the 3 different cluster cities.
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