Back
 APE  Vol.4 No.2 , May 2014
The Influence of a Goalkeeper as an Outfield Player on Defensive Subsystems in Futsal
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the goalkeeper as an outfield player on defensive subsystems in the team sport of futsal. For this purpose, all sequences of play involving the goalkeeper (n = 65), and the sequences without a goalkeeper (controls) (n = 11), were selected from digital video footage of a futsal competition, and analysed using TACTO software. The defensive area, attacker-defender distance, and interception distance were used to examine players’ coordination tendencies as a team in completion of successful and unsuccessful passes and shots. Results showed that each team reduced its defensive area as well as its variability in situations where the goalkeeper acted as an outfield player. This finding implies that it was an effective defensive strategy because it led to emergence of more unsuccessful passes. It was also observed that the goalkeeper acting as an outfield player was an effective strategy for attacking in terms of increasing shots at goal.
Cite this paper: Corrêa, U. , Davids, K. , Silva, S. , Denardi, R. and Tani, G. (2014) The Influence of a Goalkeeper as an Outfield Player on Defensive Subsystems in Futsal. Advances in Physical Education, 4, 84-92. doi: 10.4236/ape.2014.42012.
References

[1]   Araújo, D., Davids, K., Chow, J., & Passos, P. (2009). The Development of Decision Making Skill in Sport: An Ecological Dynamics Perspective. In D. Araújo, H. Ripoll, & M. Raab (Eds.), Perspectives on Cognition and Action in Sport (pp. 157-170). New York: NOVA Science Publishers.

[2]   Araújo, D., Davids, K., & Hristovski, R. (2006). The Ecological Dynamics of Decision Making in Sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 7, 653-676.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.07.002

[3]   Araújo, D., Ripoll, H., & Raab, M. (2009). Perspectives on Cognition and Action in Sport. New York: NOVA Science Publishers.

[4]   Conrad, M. (1983). Adaptability: The Significance of Variability from Molecule to Ecosystem. New York: Plenum Press.

[5]   Corrêa, U.C., Alegre, F., Freudenheim, A. M., Santos, S., & Tani, G. (2012). The Game of Futsal as an Adaptive Process. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, 16, 185-204.

[6]   Corrêa, U. C., Vilar, L., Davids, K., & Renshaw, I. (2012). Informational Constraints on the Emergence of Passing Direction in the Team Sport of Futsal. European Journal of Sport Science, 6, 1-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.730063

[7]   Davids, K. (2013). Ecological Dynamics in Analysis of Performance in Team Sport. In N. Balagué, C. Torrents, A. Vilanova, J. Cadefau, R. Tarragó, & E. Tsolakidis (Eds.), Book of Abstracts: 18th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (p. 80). 26th-29th June 2013, Barcelona.

[8]   Davids, K., Araújo, D., & Shuttleworth, R. (2005). Applications of Dynamical Systems Theory to Football. In J. Cabri, T. Reilly, & D. Araújo (Eds.), Science and Football V (pp. 556-569). London: Routledge.

[9]   Fajen, B. R., Riley, M. A., & Turvey, M. T. (2009). Information, Affordances, and the Control of Action in Sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 40, 79-107.

[10]   Fernandes, O., Folgado, H., Duarte, R., & Malta, P. (2010). Validation of the Tool for Applied and Contextual Time-Series Observation. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41, 63-64.

[11]   Garganta, J., & Cunha e Silva, P. (2000). O jogo de futebol: Entre o caos e a regra. Horizonte, 91, 5-8.

[12]   Gréhaigne, J. F., Bouthier, D., & David, B. (1997). Dynamic-System Analysis of Opponent Relationships in Collective Actions in Soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 15, 137-149.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/026404197367416

[13]   Howarth, K. (2001). Space, the Final Frontier! Space as a Key Concept in the Teaching of Invasion Games. Teaching Elementary Physical Education, 12, 8-11.

[14]   Kelso, J. A. S. (2000). Principles of Dynamic Pattern Formation and Change for a Science of Human Behavior. In L. R. Bergman, R. B. Cairns, L.-G. Nilsson, & L. Nystedt (Eds.), Developmental Science and the Holistic Approach (pp. 63-83). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

[15]   Kelso, J. A. S. (2002). The Complementary Nature of Coordination Dynamics: Self-Organization and Agency. Nonlinear Phenomena in Complex Systems, 5, 364-371.

[16]   Kelso, J. A. S. (2013). Whither Sport Science? The Challenge of Understanding Living Movement. In N. Balagué, C. Torrents, A. Vilanova, J. Cadefau, R. Tarragó, & E. Tsolakidis (Eds.), Book of Abstracts: 18th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (p. 352). 26-29 June 2013, Barcelona.

[17]   Ladyman, J., Lambert, J., & Wiesner, K. (2013). What Is a Complex System? European Journal of Philosophy of Science, 3, 33-67.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13194-012-0056-8

[18]   Manoel, E. J., Basso, L., Corrêa, U. C., & Tani, G. (2002). Modularity and Hierarchical Organization of Action Programs in Human Acquisition of Graphic Skills. Neuroscience Letters, 335, 83-86.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3940(02)01102-3

[19]   Marsh, K. L., Richardson, M. J., Baron, R. M., & Schmidt, R. C. (2006). Contrasting Approaches to Perceiving and Acting with Others. Ecological Psychology, 18, 1-38.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15326969eco1801_1

[20]   McGarry, T. (2009). Applied and Theoretical Perspectives of Performance Analysis in Sport: Scientific Issues and Challenges. International Journal of Performance Analyses in Sport, 9, 128-140.

[21]   McGarry, T., Anderson, D. I., Wallace, S. A., Hughes, M., & Franks, I. M. (2002). Sport Competition as a Dynamical Self-Organizing System. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20, 771-781.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/026404102320675620

[22]   McGarry, T., & Franks, I. M. (1996). In Search of Invariant Athletic Behaviour in Competitive Sport Systems: An Example from Championship Squash Match-Play. Journal of Sports Sciences, 14, 445-456.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640419608727730

[23]   Millar, S. K., Oldham, A. R., & Renshaw, I. (2013). Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, Extrapersonal? Qualitatively Investigating Coordinative Couplings between Rowers in Olympic Sculling. Nonlinear Dynamics Psychology, and Life Science, 17, 425-443.

[24]   Passos, P., Araújo, D., Davids, K., Gouveia, L., Milho, J., & Serpa, S. (2009). Interpersonal Coordination Tendencies, Decision-Making and Information Governing Dynamics in Rugby Union. In D. Araújo, H. Ripoll, & M. Raab (Eds.), Perspectives on Cognition and Action in Sport (pp. 27-42). New York: NOVA Science Publishers.

[25]   Passos, P., Araújo, D., Davids, K., Gouveia, L., & Serpa, S. (2006). Interpersonal Dynamics in Sport: The Role of Artificial Neural Networks and Three-Dimensional Analysis. Behavior and Research Methods, 38, 683-691.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03193901

[26]   Passos, P., Araújo, D., Davids, K., Gouveia, L., Serpa, S., Milho, J., & Fonseca, S. (2009). Interpersonal Pattern Dynamics and Adaptive Behavior in Multiagent Neurobiological Systems: Conceptual Model and Data. Journal of Motor Behavior, 41, 445-459.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3200/35-08-061

[27]   Schmidt, R. C., O’Brien, B., & Sysko, R. (1999). Self-Organization of Between-Persons Cooperative Tasks and Possible Applications to Sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 30, 558-579.

[28]   Travassos, B., Araújo, D., Davids, K., Esteves, P. T., & Fernandes. O. (2012). Improving Passing Actions in Team Sports by Developing Interpersonal Interactions between Players. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 7, 677-688.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.7.4.677

[29]   Travassos, B., Araújo, D., Davids, K., Vilar, L., Esteves, P., & Vanda, C. (2012). Informational Constraints Shape Emergent Functional Behaviours during Performance of Interceptive Actions in Team Sports. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 216-223.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.11.009

[30]   Travassos, B., Araújo, D., Duarte, R., & McGarry, T. (2012). Spatiotemporal Coordination Behaviors in Futsal (Indoor Football) Are Guided by Informational Game Constraints. Human Movement Science, 31, 932-945.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2011.10.004

[31]   Travassos, B., Araújo, D., Vilar, L., & McGarry, T. (2011). Interpersonal Coordination and Ball Dynamics in Futsal (Indoor Football). Human Movement Science, 30, 1245-1259.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2011.04.003

[32]   Ugrinowitsch, H., Santos-Naves, S. P., Carbinatto, M. V., Benda, R. N., & Tani, G. (2011). Motor Skill Adaptation Depends on the Level of Learning. International Journal of Human and Social Sciences, 6, 177-181.

[33]   Vilar, L., Araújo, D., Davids, K., & Button, C. (2012). The Role of Ecological Dynamics in Analysing Performance in Team Sports. Sports Medicine, 42, 1-10.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/11596520-000000000-00000

[34]   Vilar, L., Araújo, D., Davids, K., Correia, V., & Esteves, P. T. (2012). Spatial-Temporal Constraints on Decision-Making during Shooting Performance in the Team Sport of Futsal. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31, 1-7.

[35]   Vilar, L., Araújo, D., Davids, K., & Travassos, B. (2012). Constraints on Competitive Performance of Attacker-Defender Dyads in Team Sports. Journal of Sports Science, 30, 459-469.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.627942

[36]   Weiss, P. A. (1971). The Basic Concept of Hierarchic Systems. In P. A. Weiss (Ed.), Hierarchically Organized Systems in Theory and Practice (pp. 1-44). New York: Hafner.

[37]   Weisstein, E. W. (2013). Point-Line Distance—2-Dimensional. Wolfram MathWorld.
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Point-LineDistance2-Dimensional.html

[38]   Winter, D. A. (2005). Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement (3rd ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

 
 
Top