JSS  Vol.2 No.5 , May 2014
Postnonclassical Methodology in Clinical Psychology: Opportunities and Perspectives of Vygotsky-Luria School
ABSTRACT
The primary aim of this research is to show the high efficacy of the psychological syndrome analysis (Vygotsky-Luria School) for a variety of issues embraced by psychodiagnostics and psychotherapy. The syndrome approach applied in theoretical and practical fields of clinical psychology is highly efficient at the current state of science evolution. The principal method of this study was the psychological syndrome analysis. We examined 85 patients with hypertension (HTN) at work and 85 essential HTN patients. The results suggest that the psychosomatic syndrome has a multifactorial structure. That is, the structure of the psychosomatic syndrome in patients with HTN at work is determined by three factors. These are as follows: the motivational factor (characterized by the domination of the achievement motivation); the factor of emotion regulation disorder; and the factor of repression and denial of the significance of an alarming situation.

Cite this paper
Pervichko, E. and Zinchenko, Y. (2014) Postnonclassical Methodology in Clinical Psychology: Opportunities and Perspectives of Vygotsky-Luria School. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 90-95. doi: 10.4236/jss.2014.25018.
References
[1]   Styopin, V.S. (2003) Samorazvivajuwiesja sistemy i postneklassicheskaja racional’nost’ [Self-developing systems and postnonclassical rationality]. Voprosy Filosofii, 8, 5-17.

[2]   Kornilova, T.V. and Smirnov, S.D. (2011) Metodologicheskie osnovy psihologii: Uchebnik [Methodological basics of psychology: Textbook]. 2nd Edition, Yurajt, Moscow.

[3]   Zinchenko, Yu.P. and Pervichko, E.I. (2012) The Methodology of Syndrome Analysis within the Paradigm of “Qualitative Research” in Clinical Psychology. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 5, 157-184.

[4]   Zinchenko, Yu.P., Pervichko, E.I. and Martynov, A.I. (2013) Psychological Underpinning of Personalized Approaches in Modern Medicine: Syndrome Analysis of Mitral Valve Prolapsed Patients. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 6, 89-102.

[5]   Zinchenko, Y., Pervichko, E. and Martynov, A. (2013) Emotional Experiences and Coping Processes in the Context of Verification of Psychosomatic Hypotheses in MVP Patients. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 86, 47-52.

[6]   Zinchenko, Y.P. and Pervichko, E.I. (2013) Nonclassical and Postnonclassical Epistemology in Lev Vygotsky’s Cultural-Historical Approach to Clinical Psychology. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 6, 43-56.

[7]   Vygotsky, L.S. (1993) The Diagnostics of Development and the Pedological Clinic for Difficult Children. In Rieber, R.W., & Carton, A.S., Eds., The Collected Works of L. S. Vygotsky: The Fundamentals of Defectology (Abnormal Psychology and Learning Disabilities), Plenum Press, New York, 2, 241-291.

[8]   Luria, A.R. (1973) The Working Brain. An Introduction to Neuropsychology. Penguin Books, London.

[9]   Stork, J., Schrader, J., Mann, H. and Noring, R. (1992) Einflu BS der beruflichen Tatigkeit auf den Blutdruckverlaufuber 24 Stunden. Nieren und Hochdruckkrankheiten, 10, 466-468.

[10]   Karasek, R. (1998) Demand/Control Model: A Social, Emotional, and Physiological Approach to Stress Risk and Active Behaviour Development. In: Stellman, J.M., Ed., Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, International Labour Office, Geneva, 34.6-34.14.

[11]   O’Donnell, K., Brydon, L., Wright, C. and Steptoe, A. (2008) Self-Esteem Levels and Cardiovascular and Inflammatory Responses to Acute Stress. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 22, 1241-1247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2008.06.012

[12]   Chandola, T., Britton, A., Brunner, E., Hemingway, H., Malik, M., Kumari, M., Badrick, E., Kivimaki, M. and Marmot, M.G. (2008) Work Stress and Coronary Heart Disease: What Are the Mechanisms? European Heart Journal, 29, 640- 648. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehm584

[13]   Pervichko, E., Zinchenko, Y. and Ostroumova, O. (2013) Personal Factors of Emotional Burnout in Patients with “Hypertension at Work”. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 86, 407-412.

[14]   Pervichko, E., Zinchenko, Yu. and Ostroumova, O. (2013) Violations of Emotional Regulation in Patients with Stress- Induced Hypertension. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 78, 295-299.

[15]   Nicole, A., Roberts, N.A., Levenson, R.W. and Gross J.J. (2008) Cardiovascular Costs of Emotion Suppression cross Ethnic Lines. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 70, 82-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2008.06.003

[16]   Garnefski, N., Koopman, H., Kraaij, V. and ten Cate, R. (2009) Brief Report: Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Psychological Adjustment in Adolescents with a Chronic Disease. Journal of Adolescence, 32, 449-454. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2008.01.003

[17]   Han, S., Fan, Y., Xu, X., Qin, J., Wu, B., Wang, X., Aglioti, S.M. and Mao, L. (2009) Empathic Neural Responses to Others’ Pain Are Modulated by Emotional Contexts. Human Brain Mapping, 30, 3227-3237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.20742

[18]   Mezzich, J.E., Salloum, I.M., Cloninger, C.R., Salvador-Carulla, L., Kirmayer, L., Banzato, C.E., Wallcraft, J. and Botbol, M. (2010) Person-Centered Integrative Diagnosis: Conceptual Bases and Structural Model. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55, 701-708.

[19]   P?ppel, E. and Wagner, B. (2012) Von Natur aus Kreativ. Hanser-Verlag, München. http://dx.doi.org/10.3139/9783446432864

[20]   P?ppel, E., Avram, M., Bao, Y., Graupmann, V., Gutyrchik, E., Lutz, A., Park, M., Reiser, M., Russell, E., Silveira, S., Smigielski, L., Szymanski, C. and Zaytseva, Y. (2013) Sensory Processing of Art as a Unique Window into Cognitive Mechanisms: Evidence from Behavioral Experiments and fMRI Studies. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 86, 10-17.

[21]   Zinchenko, Y., Krasnov, V., Pervichko, E. and Kulygina, M. (2013) Russian Traditional and Postnonclassical Psychological Perspectives on Person-Centered Mental Health care. The International Journal of Person Centered Medicine, 3, 81-87.

[22]   Mezzich, J.E., Zinchenko, Y.P., Krasnov, V.N., Pervichko, E.I. and Kulygina, M.A. (2013) Person-Centered Approaches in Medicine: Clinical Tasks, Psychological Paradigms, and Postnonclassic Perspective. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 6, 95-109.

 
 
Top