JPEE  Vol.2 No.4 , April 2014
A Study on the Effects of Solar Tracking Systems on the Performance of Photovoltaic Power Plants
Abstract: The use of renewable energy resources to produce the electricity is a rising trend in various countries worldwide. This is especially because these energies do not produce the greenhouse gases; therefore, don’t become a destructive factor on the ozone layer and the environment. Besides, the fossil energies are always exposed to price changes and will eventually end, while the renewable energies don’t pose such problems and are freely acquired from the nature. Some of the most important of these reproducible energy resources are the energies of the wind and the solar energy. The generation capability of a photovoltaic power plant is largely dependent on the intensity of the sun radiation. On the other hand, the changing of position causes the sun to have a variable shining intensity in different seasons and different times of the year; therefore, some of the solar power plants possess solar tacking systems. This paper studies the different types of photovoltaic systems including fixed panel, photovoltaic farms equipped to the single axis and double axis tracking systems and their effects on the performance of the solar power plants. In order to determine the position of the sun in the sky, the zenith and azimuth angles of it are used to extract the relations between the different parameters of the sun radiation. The resulted parameters are used in the modeling of the single axis and double axis systems. In the paper it is utilized from the sun parameters in Qeshm Island of Iran in the summer of 2011.
Cite this paper: Bazyari, S. , Keypour, R. , Farhangi, S. , Ghaedi, A. and Bazyari, K. (2014) A Study on the Effects of Solar Tracking Systems on the Performance of Photovoltaic Power Plants. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 2, 718-728. doi: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24096.


[2]   (2009) Combined Mechanical and Electrical Control of Solar Trackers in (C)PV Power Plants. 13th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, 1-5.

[3]   Alami, A. and Batista, R. (2009) Performance Analysis of a Large Scale Photovoltaic Solar Grid Connected System. 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC).

[4]   Guo, Y.Z., Cha, J.Z., Liu, W. and Tian, Y.B. A System Modeling Method for Optimization of a Single Axis Solar Tracker. ICCASM 2010.

[5]   Boicea, A.V., Di Leo, P., Graditi, G. and Spertino, F. (2010) Comparison of Operating Parameters in Grid Connected Photovoltaic Systems with Single/Double Sun-Trackers at Different Latitudes. International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion, 130-133.

[6]   Beltrán, J.A., González Rubio, J.L. and García-Beltrán, S.yC.D. (2007) Design, Manufacturing and Performance Test of a Solar Tracker Made by a Embedded Control. Fourth Congress of Electronics, Robotics and Automotive Mechanics.

[7]   Huang, Y.J., Member, I., Kuo, T.C., Chen, C.Y., Chang, C.H., Wu, P.C. and Wu, T.H. (2009) The Design and Implementation of a Solar Tracking Generating Power System. Engineering Letters.

[8]   Visconti, P., Ventura, V., Tempesta, F., Romanello, D. and Cavalera, G. (2011) Electronic System for Improvement of Solar Plant Efficiency by Optimized Algorithm Implemented in Biaxial Solar Trackers. 10th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC).

[9]   Khaligh, A. and Onar, O.C. (2010) Energy Harvesting, Solar, Wind ans Ocean Energy Conversion Systems. CRC Press.




[13]   Solar Radiation Data Associated to Qeshm Island Collected by Renewable Energies Organization of Iran.