IJG  Vol.5 No.4 , April 2014
Spatial Intra-Annual Variability of Precipitation Based on Geostatistics. A Case Study for the Paraiba Do Sul Basin, Southeastern Brazil
ABSTRACT

The emphasis in this research is to evaluate the spatial distribution of the precipitation using a geostatistics approach. Seasonal time scales records considering DJF, MAM, JJA e SON periods performed the analysis. Procedures to evaluate the variogram selection and to produce kriging maps were performed in a GIS environment . The results showed that kriging method was very suitable to detect both large changes in the whole area as those local small and subtle changes. Kriging demonstrated be a powerful statistical interpolation method that might be very useful in regions with great complexity in climatology and geomorphology.


Cite this paper
Silva, W. and Simões, S. (2014) Spatial Intra-Annual Variability of Precipitation Based on Geostatistics. A Case Study for the Paraiba Do Sul Basin, Southeastern Brazil. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 408-417. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2014.54039.
References
[1]   de Louis, M., Raventos, J., Gonzales-Hidalgo, J.C., Sanchez, J.R. and Cortina, J. (2000) Spatial Analysis of Rainfall Trends in the Region of Valencia (East Spain). International Journal of Climatology, 20, 1451-1469.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1097-0088(200010)20:12<1451::AID-JOC547>3.0.CO;2-0

[2]   Syed, K.H., Goodrich, D.C., Myers, D.E. and Sorooshian, S. (2003) Spatial Characteristics of Thunderstorm Rainfall Fields and Their Relation to Runoff. Journal of Hydrology, 271, 1-21.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(02)00311-6

[3]   Haberlandt, U. (2007) Geostatistical Interpolation of Hourly Precipitation from Rain Gauges and Radar for a Large-Scale Extreme Rainfall Event. Journal of Hydrology, 332, 144-157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2006.06.028

[4]   Basistha, A., Arya, D.S. and Goel, N.K. (2008) Spatial Distribution of Rainfall in Indian Himalayas—A Case Study of Uttarakhand Region. Water Resources Management, 22, 1325-1346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11269-007-9228-2

[5]   Ellouze, M., Azri, C. and Abida, H. (2009) Spatial Variability of Monthly and Annual Rainfall Data over Southern Tunisia. Atmospheric Research, 93, 832-839. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2009.04.005

[6]   Ashiq, M.W., Zhao, C., Ni, J. and Akhtar, M. (2010) GIS-Based High-Resolution Spatial Interpolation of Precipitation in Mountain-Plain Areas of Upper Pakistan for Regional Climate Change Impact Studies. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 99, 239-253. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-009-0140-y

[7]   Hussain, I., Spock, G., Pilz, J. and Yu, H. (2010) Spatio-Temporal Interpolation of Precipitation during Monsoon Periods in Pakistan. Advances in Water Resources, 33, 880-886. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2010.04.018

[8]   Zoccatelli, D., Borga, M., Zanon, F., Antonescu, B. and Stancalie, G. (2010) Which Rainfall Spatial Information for Flash Flood Response Modeling? A Numerical Investigation Based on Data from the Carpathian Range, Romania. Journal of Hydrology, 394, 148-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.07.019

[9]   del Rio, S., Herrero, L., Fraile, R. and Penas, A. (2011) Spatial Distribution of Recent Rainfall Trends in Spain (1961-2006). International Journal of Climatology, 31, 656-667. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joc.2111

[10]   Goovaerts, P. (2000) Geostatistical Approaches for Incorporating Elevation into the Spatial Interpolation of Rainfall. Journal of Hydrology, 228, 113-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00144-X

[11]   Hevesi, J.A., Flint, A. and Istok, J.D. (1992) Precipitation Estimation in Mountainous Terrain Using Multivariate Geostatistics. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 31, 677-688.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1992)031<0677:PEIMTU>2.0.CO;2

[12]   Kanaroglou, P.S., Soulakellis, N.A. and Sifakis, N.I. (2002) Improvement of Satellite Derived Pollution Maps with the Use of a Geostatistical Interpolation Method. Journal of Geographical Systems, 4, 193-208.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s101090100080

[13]   Diodato, N. and Russo, F. (2003) A Geostatistic Approach to the Mapping of Rainstorm Hazard in the Sannio District of the Campania Apennines (Southern Italy). Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria, 26, 35-40.

[14]   Chaplot, V., Saleh, A. and Jaynesc, D.B. (2005) Effect of the Accuracy of Spatial Rainfall Information on the Modeling of Water, Sediment, and NO3-N Loads at the Watershed Level. Journal of Hydrology, 312, 223-234.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.02.019

[15]   Buytaert, W., Celleri, R., Willems, P., de Bievre, B. and Wyseure, G. (2006) Spatial and Temporal Rainfall Variability in Mountainous Areas: A Case Study from the South Ecuadorian Andes. Journal of Hydrology, 329, 413-421.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2006.02.031

[16]   Haining, R.P., Kerry, R. and Oliver, M.A. (2010) Geography, Spatial Data Analysis, and Geostatistics: An Overview. Geographical Analysis, 42, 7-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1538-4632.2009.00780.x

[17]   Di Piazza, A. (2011) Comparative Analysis of Different Techniques for Spatial Interpolation of Rainfall Data to Create a Serially Complete Monthly Time Series of Precipitation for Sicily, Italy. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 13, 396-408. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2011.01.005

[18]   Longley, P.A., Goodchild, M.E., Maguire, D.J. and Rhind, D.W. (2011) Geographic Information Systems and Science. Wiley, New York.

[19]   Grimes, D.I. and Pardo-Iguzquiza, E. (2010) Geostatistical Analysis of Rainfall. Geographical Analysis, 42, 136-160.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1538-4632.2010.00787.x

[20]   Fujieda, M., Kudoh, T., de Cicco, V. and Carvalho, J.L. (1997) Hydrological Processes at the Subtropical Forest Catchments: The Serra do Mar, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Journal of Hydrology, 196, 26-46.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(97)00015-2

[21]   Forman, R. and Godron, M. (1986) Landscape Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

[22]   Sao Paulo State Government (2012) Water Resources Situation in the Sao Paulo State [in Portuguese]. Water and Electrical Energy Department (DAEE), Sao Paulo.

[23]   Matheron, G. (1963) Principles of Geostatistics. Economic Geology, 58, 1246-1266.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/gsecongeo.58.8.1246

[24]   Isaaks, E.H. and Srivastava, H. (1989) An Introduction to Applied Geostatistics. Oxford University Press, New York.

[25]   Webster, R. and Oliver, M. (2007) Geostatistics for Environmental Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470517277

[26]   Goovaert, P. (1997) Geostatistics for Natural Resources Evaluation. Oxford University Press, New York.

[27]   Camarinha, P.I., Simoes, S.J.C., Bernardes, G.P. and Trannin, I.C.B. (2012) Correlating Soil Porosity and Respective Geological Unit in Paraiba do Sul Valley, Brazil—A Geostatistical Methodology Proposal. Soils & Rocks, 35, 209-222.

[28]   Matheron, G. (1971) The Theory of Regionalized Variables and Its Applications. Les Cahiers du Centre de Morphologie Mathematique in Fontainebleu, Paris.

[29]   Kalkhan, M.A. (2011) Spatial Statistics: GeoSpatial Information Modeling and Thematic Mapping. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

[30]   Braga, B.P.F. and Molion, L.C.B. (1999) Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on the Hydrology of South America. In: van Dam, J.C., Ed., Impacts of Climate Change and Climate Variability on Hydrological Regimes, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 21-35.

[31]   Rao, V.B. and Hada, K. (1990) Characteristics of Rainfall over Brazil: Annual Variations and Connections with the Southern Oscillation. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 42, 81-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00868215

[32]   Simoes, S.J.C. and Barros, A.P. (2007) Regional Climate Variability and Its Effects on Brazil’s 2001 Energy Crisis. Management of Environment Quality, 18, 263-273.

[33]   Kousky, V.E. (1985) Atmospheric Circulation Changes Associated with Rainfall Anomalies over Tropical Brazil. Monthly Weather Review, 113, 1951-1957.
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/1520-0493(1985)113%3C1951%3AACCAWR%3E2.0.CO%3B2

[34]   Lemos, C.F. (2000) Characterization and Variability of the Climate in the Paraiba do Sul Valley, Sao Paulo State, Brazil [in Portuguese]. Master Dissertation, Universidade de Taubate, Taubate.

 
 
Top