AJPS  Vol.5 No.9 , April 2014
Moss Propagules Banks in a Secondary Subtropical Moist Forest in Puerto Rico: A First Description
Abstract: A bryophyte propagule bank serves as a source for population maintenance and survival, and many factors can influence these propagules’ germination. However, it is unknown how soil depths affect propagules banks, their diversity and abundance overtime in a Neotropical forest. To understand such a paradigm, soil samples were obtained from different depths (0 - 5 cm, 5 - 10 cm, and 10 - 15 cm) at Guajataca State Forest, Puerto Rico; then, they were transferred to the laboratory, cultured, and the amount of gametophytes from propagules present over a seven-month period were measured. Forest soil depth did affect the density of gametophytes. Gametophytes densities augmented overtime for almost all species. Two species mainly influenced the propagule production over time. Also, propagules can have a long-term germination potential for some species.
Cite this paper: Pasiche-Lisboa, C. and Sastre-De Jesús, I. (2014) Moss Propagules Banks in a Secondary Subtropical Moist Forest in Puerto Rico: A First Description. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 1394-1402. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.59154.

[1]   During, H.J. (2001) Diaspore Banks. The Bryologist, 104, 92-97.[0092:DB]2.0.CO;2

[2]   Hock, Z., Szövényi, P., Schneller, J.J., Tóth, Z. and Urmi, E. (2008) Bryophyte Diaspore Bank: A Genetic Memory? Genetic Structure and Genetic Diversity of Surface Populations and Diaspore Bank in the Liverwort Manniafragrans (Aytoniaceae). American journal of botany, 95, 542-548.

[3]   Jonsson, B.G. (1993) The Bryophyte Diaspore Bank and Its Role after Small-Scale Disturbance in a Boreal Forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 4, 819-826.

[4]   Cleavitt, N.L. (2002) Stress Tolerance of Rare and Common Moss Species in Relation to Their Occupied Environments and Asexual Dispersal Potential. Journal of Ecology, 90, 785-795.

[5]   Campbell, D.R., Rochefort, L. and Lavoie, C. (2003) Determining the Immigration Potential of Plants Colonizing Disturbed Environments: The Case of Milled Peatlands in Quebec. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 78-91.

[6]   Hylander, K. (2009) No Increase in Colonization Rate of Boreal Bryophytes Close to Propagule Sources. Ecology, 90, 160-169.

[7]   Schmalholz, M. and Hylander, K. (2011) Microtopography Creates Small-Scale Refugia for Boreal Forest Floor Bryophytes during Clear-Cut Logging. Ecography, 34, 637-648.

[8]   Ranal, M.A. (2003) Soil Spore Bank of Ferns in a Gallery Forest of the Ecological Station of Panga, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil. American Fern Journal, 93, 97-115.[0097:SSBOFI]2.0.CO;2

[9]   Del Rosario Ramírez-Trejo, M., Pérez-García, B. and Orozco-Segovia, A. (2004) Analysis of Fern Spore Banks from the Soil of Three Vegetation Types in the Central Region of Mexico. American Journal of Botany, 91, 682-688.

[10]   During, H.J. (1979) Life Strategies of Bryophytes: A Preliminary Review. Lindbergia, 5, 2-18.

[11]   During, H.J. (2007) Episodic Bryophytes in the Diaspore Bank of a Zimbabwean Savanna. Lindbergia, 32, 55-61.

[12]   Sundberg, S. and Rydin, H. (2000) Experimental Evidence for a Persistent Spore Bank in Sphagnum. New Phytologist, 148, 105-116.

[13]   Grau, H.R., Aide, T.M., Zimmerman, J.K., Thomlinson, J.R., Helmer, E. and Zou, X. (2003) The Ecological Consequences of Socioeconomic and Land-Use Changes in Postagriculture Puerto Rico. BioScience, 53, 1159-1168.[1159:TECOSA]2.0.CO;2

[14]   Colón, E., Pool, D.J., Rhoades, F. and Dworsky, R. (1976) The Master Plan for the Commonwealth Forests of Puerto Rico. Department of Natural Resources, San Juan.

[15]   Hock, Z., Szövéyi, P. and Tóth, Z. (2004) Seasonal Variation in the Bryophyte Diaspore Bank of Open Grasslands on Dolomite Rock. Journal of Bryology, 26, 285-292.

[16]   Maciel-Silva, A.S., Válio, I.F.M. and Rydin, H. (2012) Diaspore Bank of Bryophytes in Tropical Rain Forests: The Importance of Breeding System, Phylum and Microhabitat. Oecologia, 168, 321-333.

[17]   Rydgren, K. and Hestmark, G. (1997) The Soil Propagule Bank in a Boreal Old-Growth Spruce Forest: Changes with Depth and Relationship to Aboveground Vegetation. Canadian Journal of Botany, 75, 121-128.

[18]   Ewel, J.J. and Whitmore, J.L. (1973) The Ecological Life Zones of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. USDA Forest Service, Institute of Tropical Forestry, Research Paper ITF-018.

[19]   Buck, W.R. (1998) Pleurocarpous Mosses of the West Indies (Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, V. 82). Memoir of the New York Botanical Garden Press, New York, 1-400.

[20]   Sharp, A.J., Crum, H.A. and Eckel, P. (1994) The Moss Flora of Mexico (Vol. 69). New York Botanical Garden, New York, 1-1113.

[21]   Di Rienzo, J.A., Casanoves, F., Balzarini, M.G., Gonzalez, L., Tablada, M. and Robledo, C.W. (2013) InfoStat Versión. InfoStat Group, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.

[22]   Hammer, Ø., Harper, D.A.T. and Ryan, P.D. (2001) PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis. Paleontología Electrónica, 4, 9.

[23]   Van Zanten, B.O. and Pócs, T. (1981) Distribution and Dispersal of Bryophytes. Advances in bryology, 45, 479-562.

[24]   Pérez, M. and Sastre-De Jesús, I. (2009) Sinkholes Important Bryophyte Areas: The Case of the Guajataca Commonwealth Forest in Puerto Rico. Evansia, 26, 45-49.

[25]   Caners, R.T., Macdonald, S.E. and Belland, R.J. (2009) Recolonization Potential of Bryophyte Diaspore Banks in Harvested Boreal Mixed-Wood Forest. Plant Ecology, 204, 55-68.

[26]   Esposito, A., Mazzoleni, S. and Strumia, S. (1999) Post-Fire Bryophyte Dynamics in Mediterranean Vegetation. Journal of Vegetation Science, 10, 261-268.

[27]   During, H.J. (1987) Longevity of Spores of Funaria hygrometrica in Chalk Grassland Soil. Lindbergia, 12, 132-134.

[28]   Partridge, T.R. (1989) Soil Seed Banks of Secondary Vegetation on the Port Hills and Banks Peninsula, Canterbury, New Zealand, and Their Role in Succession. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 27, 421-435.

[29]   Hill, N.M. and Vander Kloet, S.P. (2005) Longevity of Experimentally Buried Seed in Vaccinium: Relationship to Climate, Reproductive Factors and Natural Seed Banks. Journal of Ecology, 93, 1167-1176.

[30]   Wijayratne, U.C. and Pyke, D.A. (2012) Burial Increases Seed Longevity of Two Artemisia Tridentata (Asteraceae) Subspecies. American Journal of Botany, 99, 438-447.