JPEE  Vol.2 No.4 , April 2014
Comparative Study on Substation Shielding Due to Direct Lightning Strokes
Abstract: Malaysia is one of the many countries that experience high lightning related activities. In fact, according to Malaysian Meteorological Department the Ground Flash Density (GFD) in Malaysia, it is rated at the fifth place in the ten most lightning cities of the world, with a high keraunic level, which is 240 thunderstorm days per year, and in other words, a Ground Flash Density (GFD) of 48.3 flashes per square kilometer per year. In the power systems, high keraunic level would contribute to high possibility of power interruptions such as disruption, degradation, damage and downtime. These outages would ultimately lead to revenue losses and reduction of network reliability. These lightning related interruptions may be in terms of direct lightning strikes to the lines or to the equipments in the substation. By the use of Mat Lab GUI (Graphic Users Interface), this study presents a simple computer program which uses the electro-geometric model (EGM) for the designing of substation shielding systems. The EGM uses the concept where the protection zone of a lightning system lies within the radius where the upward channel initiates and propagates through the air terminal to meet the downward leader. This interception point is called “the point of discrimination” and is where the downward leader decides its final jump. The distance at which the last jump occurs is known as the striking distance. With the use of the striking distance and the mathematical equations developed by Young, Brown-Whitehead, IEEE-1992 (IEEE T&D Committee Equations) and IEEE-1995 (IEEE Substations Committee Equations). This project aimed to investigate, understand and analyse the substation protection by means of masts and shield wires. The analysis is extended to account for lightning protection provided by single mast to two masts as well as from single shield wire to double shielding wires. The outcomes of these four equations will be compared.
Cite this paper: Bakar, A. , Tan, C. , Abidin, A. , Khai, P. , Mokhlis, H. and Illias, H. (2014) Comparative Study on Substation Shielding Due to Direct Lightning Strokes. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 2, 600-611. doi: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24081.

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