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 OJO  Vol.4 No.4 , April 2014
A Finite Element Model of Locked Plating in Femoral Shaft Fractures
Abstract: Introduction: The Locking Compression Plate (LCP) system is a versatile technology that can be used either through conventional compression plating techniques or as an internal fixator with locking head screws. There have been only a few biomechanical studies examining the role of locked screw configuration on construct stability with most recommendations based upon empirical evidence or data from compression plating. This study will attempt to determine how different locked screw configurations, fracture gaps (distance between bone fragments), and interface gaps (distance between plate and bone) will affect the peak stress(von Mises stress) experienced by the plate-screw construct and, thereby, look at ways to minimize the risk of hardware failure. Materials Methods: A finite element model (FEM) was developed of a transverse mid shaft femoral fracture bridged by an eight-hole titanium LCP. Seven different screw configurations were investigated. Three different fracture gaps and three different interface gaps were studied as well. Results: The 1368 configuration was found to experience the least peak stress of 2.10 GPa while the 2367, 2457, and all filled configurations were found to have the highest peak stress (25.29 GPa, 22.78 GPa, and 23.54 GPa, respectively). Peak stress increased when the interface gap increased. Peak stress also increased as the fracture gap increased, with the largest jump between the 1 mm and 2 mm gaps. Conclusions: Every fracture is unique, and has a vast amount of parameters that must be considered when the surgeon is developing a treatment plan. For transverse femoral shaft fractures, the results of this study suggest that a working length of 2 screw holes on either side of the fracture may also lead to lower peak stress. In addition, our results demonstrate that minimizing the fracture gap and interface gap will lead to decreased stress in the plate-screw construct.
Cite this paper: Schwartz, B. , Amirouche, F. , Choi, K. , Mejia, A. , Gonzalez, M. and Seiler, J. (2014) A Finite Element Model of Locked Plating in Femoral Shaft Fractures. Open Journal of Orthopedics, 4, 104-112. doi: 10.4236/ojo.2014.44018.
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