Back
 OJE  Vol.4 No.5 , April 2014
Characterization of the Organic Matter in the Formations with Juniperus phoenicea, and Pinus halepensis in the Matorrals of the Mostaganémois Littoral
Abstract: In the present work, we were able to verify the utility of splitting the organic matter that seems to be indispensable, especially when it comes to the soil humus which is very little polymerized and containing a large proportion of non-decomposed organic matter. This study even if it remains unfinished, it provides some useful information. Moreover, this work reflects the fundamental influence exerted by the organic matter as a soil and as a driving force of its dynamics. Humus factor in the vocation of a soil can promote or remove some plant species. The statistic analysis shows that the humification of the organic matter is faster on calcareous sandstone substrate (Calabrien) as on Tithonique Substrate with advanced cretaceous which can be explained by the very high rate of humic acids as the calcareous sandstone substrate. At the level of plant development, the organic matter provided by the mixed stands (Eucalyptus, Pinus halepensis, Juniperus phoenicea) with an undergrowth which is formed by (Retama monosperma,calycotome spinosa,Pistachia lentiscus, Phylaria latifolia, Lavandula stoecka) has a very god humification with a predominance of humic acids that indicate the acceleration of the development of clay-humic complexes and a permanent wealth of energy reserves.
Cite this paper: Lahouel, N. , Benabadji, N. and Benmansour, D. (2014) Characterization of the Organic Matter in the Formations with Juniperus phoenicea, and Pinus halepensis in the Matorrals of the Mostaganémois Littoral. Open Journal of Ecology, 4, 253-261. doi: 10.4236/oje.2014.45024.
References

[1]   Dajoz, R. (1985) Precis of Ecology. ED. Bordered, Paris. 505p.

[2]   Fustec-Mathon, E., Righi, D. and Jambu, P. (1975) Influence of the Bitumens Extracted from Podzols Humic Hydromorphic of the Moors of the Medoc on the Telluric Microflora. Rev. Ecol. Biol. Ground., 12, 393-404.

[3]   Jambu, P., Amblès, A., Jaquesy, J.C., Secouet, B. and Parlanti, E. (1983) Incorporation of Natural Alcohols from Seedling Residues into Has Hydromorphic Forest-Podzol. Newspaper of Soil Science, 44, 135-146.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1993.tb00440.x

[4]   Dutartre, P., Bartoli, F., Andreux, F. and Portal, J.M. (1993) of Influence Content and Nature of Organic to Subdue One the Structure of Sum Sandy Soils from West Try in Density Fractions of Oxisol under Forest and Pasture. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 33, 59-76.

[5]   Becker, Mr. (1971) Study of the Relations Ground-Vegetation in Conditions of Hydromorphy in a Forest of the Lorraine Plain. Thesis Doctorate of State, Univ.Nancy, 225 pages.

[6]   Marc, P., et al. (1998) Observation on the Grounds and of the Grounds Mediterranean: Cover over with Soil and Grounds in Twyers-Side, 146p.

[7]   Laperche, V. and Mossman, J.R. (2004) Protocol of Sampling of the Urban Grounds Polluted by Lead. RP-52928-FR, Doc. pdf.

[8]   Baise, D. and Jabiol, B. (1995) Guide for the Description of the Grounds. Edition I.N.R.A, Paris, 375p.

[9]   Duchaufour, P.H. and Jacquin, F. (1963) Search for a Method of Extraction and Fractionation of the Humic Compounds Controlled by the Electrophoresis. Annals Agronomic.

[10]   Faure, J. and Picat, P. (1973) On the Distinction between Humic and Acid Acids Fulvic. Bull of Ace france Science of ground N., 2, 91-95.

[11]   Nkundikije-Desseaux, V., Halitim, A., Galben, T. and Ygnatov, Mr. (1976) Test of Characterization of the Organic Matter in Some Grounds of the North of Algeria, 60p.

 
 
Top