Backgrounds: Sixty percent of the global deaths and injuries occur in the
developing world and mostly are due to Road traffic accidents (RTAs). Looking
at the etiological related factors which include carelessness of the driver,
condition of the vehicle or motorcycle, poor condition of roads, risky behavior
of the driver, most of these factors can be prevented to some extent. This
study therefore, determined the pattern of cases and deaths due to traffic road
accidents in Mwanza City Tanzania. Methods: In this retrospective study, records, registers and case notes in
the surgical ward and causality, medical records and central police station
from 2009 to 2012 were used. The study focused on the two referral hospitals
(Sekouture regional hospital and Bugando Medical Center). Results: There were
3450 cases due to accidents reported at both centers (Sekouture regional
hospital and Bugando Medical Center of which 3224 (93.4%) had complete
information for analysis. 2225 (69%) were male and 999 (31%) were female, and
the most affected group were male. Among the RTAs 2809 cases (87%) were due to
motor cycle accidents which were the leading cause of RTAs with case fatality
rate of 5% while motor vehicle has case fatality rate of 24% which is 5 times
that of motor cycle. Conclusion: Among all RTAs the leading cause of injuries
is Motor cycle traffic accidents followed by motor vehicle. RTAs are on
increase particularly the motor cycle traffic accidents and have claimed a
good number of innocent people’s lives however most of them are preventable,
therefore driving course to be introduced to motor cycle drivers emphasizes on
the road posters signal, rules and regular checkup of their motor cycles
especially commercial motor cycle.
Cite this paper
Ngallaba, S. , Makerere, D. , Kapesa, A. , Gilyoma, J. and Chalya, P. (2014) A Retrospective Study on the Unseen Epidemic of Road Traffic Injuries and Deaths Due to Accidents in Mwanza City—Tanzania. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine
, 222-228. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.44028
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