ABSTRACT Aims: Metoclopramide has been used as a gastro-kinetic agent but the safety and effects of different preparations of metoclopramide on preparation for outpatient endoscopy are largely unknown. The study aimed to evaluate the (1) Safety of using ODT (orally disintegrating tablet) or TT (traditional tablet) metoclopramide pre-endoscopy in non-fasting patients compared with placebo (2) Impact of ODT or TT metoclopramide on sedation and recovery times compared with placebo. Methods: A double blind randomized placebo-controlled trial with 3 arms; Metoclopramide ODT (n = 43), Metoclopramide TT (n = 43) and Placebo (n = 43). Results: Metoclopramide ODT had fewer adverse events compared with TT or placebo. Recovery time was significantly shorter with use of either metoclopramide versus placebo (P < 0.001) & total sedation time was also significantly shorter in the metoclopramide groups versus placebo (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Metoclopramide ODT is safe and beneficial in endoscopic procedures requiring limited access to food and liquid.
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Basu, P. , Shah, N. , Hampole, H. , Krishnaswamy, N. and Aloysius, M. (2014) Effects of Metoclopramide Orally Disintegrating Tablet in Optimizing Late Outpatient Endoscopy: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Open Journal of Gastroenterology, 4, 187-191. doi: 10.4236/ojgas.2014.44028.
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