JFCMV  Vol.2 No.2 , April 2014
Investigation of Unsteady Flow Fields for Flow Control Research by Means of Particle Image Velocimetry
Abstract: Unsteady three-dimensional flow phenomena must be investigated and well understood to be able to design devices to control such complex flow phenomena in order to achieve the desired behavior of the flow and to assess their performance, even in harsh industrial environments. Experimental investigations for flow control research require measurement techniques capable to resolve the flow field with high spatial and temporal resolution to be able to perceive the relevant phenomena. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), providing access to the unsteady flow velocity field, is a measurement technique which is readily available commercially today. This explains why PIV is widely used for flow control research. A number of standard configurations exist, which, with increasing complexity, allow capturing flow velocity data instantaneously in geometrical arrangements extending from planes to volumes and in temporal arrangements extending from snapshots to temporarily well resolved data. With increasing complexity these PIV systems require advancing expertise of the user and growing investment costs. Using typical problems of flow control research, three different standard PIV systems will be characterized briefly. It is possible to upgrade a PIV system from a simple planar to a “high end” tomographic PIV system over a period of time, if sufficient PIV expertise can be built up and budget for additional investments becomes available.
Cite this paper: Geisler, R. , Schröder, A. and Kompenhans, J. (2014) Investigation of Unsteady Flow Fields for Flow Control Research by Means of Particle Image Velocimetry. Journal of Flow Control, Measurement & Visualization, 2, 42-54. doi: 10.4236/jfcmv.2014.22007.

[1]   Gadel-Hak, M. (1996) Modern Developments in Flow Control. Applied Mechanics Review, 49, 365-379.

[2]   Aamo, O.M. and Kristic, M. (2003) Flow Control by Feedback: Stabilization and Mixing. Springer, Berlin.

[3]   Jahanmiri, M. (2010) Active Flow Control: A Review, Research Report 2010:12. Chalmers University, Gothenburg.

[4]   Raffel, M., Willert, C., Wereley, S. and Kompenhans, J. (2007) Particle Image Velocimetry—A Practical Guide. Springer Verlag, Berlin.

[5]   Adrian, R.J. and Westerweel, J. (2011) Particle Image Velocimetry. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[6]   Stasicki, B., Ehrenfried, K., Dieterle, L., Ludwikowski, K. and Raffel, M. (2001) Advanced Synchronization Techniques for Complex Flow Field Investigations by Means of PIV. 4th International Symposium on Particle Image Velocimetry, GÖttingen, 17-19 September 2001, PIV’01 Paper 1188.


[8]   Ehlers, H., Geisler, R., Gesemann, S. and SchrÖder, A. (2012) Combined Time-Resolved PIV and Structure Deformation Measurements for Aero-Elastic Investigations. 18. DGLR-Fach-Symposium der STAB, Stuttgart.


[10]   Stasicki, B., Kompenhans, J., Willert, C. and Ludwikowski, K. (2010) Pulsed LED Illuminator for Visualization, Recording and Measurements of High-Speed Events in Mechanics. Proceedings of the International Conference on Experimental Mechanics (ICEM2010), Kuala Lumpur.

[11]   Gilliot, A., Monnier, J.C., Geiler, C., Delva, J., SchrÖder, A. and Geisler, R. (2011) Caractérisation par PIV Haute cadence Dual Plane d’une interaction jet/couche limite turbulente. 14iéme Congrès Français de Visualisation et de Traitement d’images en Mécanique des Fluides, Lille.

[12]   SchrÖder, A., Geisler, R., Schanz, D., Pallek, D., Gilliot, A., Monnier, J.-C., Pruvost, M. and Delva, J. (2012) Effects of Pulsed and Continuous Jet Vortex Generators in a Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow—An Investigation by Using Two High-Speed Stereo PIV Systems. Conference Proceedings of 16th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, 9-12 July 2012, 13p.

[13]   Elsinga, G.E., Scarano, F., Wieneke, B. and Van Oudheusden, B.W. (2006) Tomographic Particle Image Velocimetry. Experiments in Fluids, 41, 933-947.

[14]   Scarano, F. (2013) Tomographic PIV: Principles and Practice. Measurement, Science & Technology, 24, Article ID: 012001.

[15]   Geisler, R., SchrÖder, A., Willert, C. and Elsinga, G.E. (2008) Investigation of Vortex-Generators within a Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow Using Time-Resolved Tomographic PIV. Conference Proceedings of 14th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, 7-10 July 2008, 1p.

[16]   SchrÖder, A., Geisler, R., Staack, K., Henning, A., Wieneke, B., Elsinga, G.E., Scarano, F., Poelma, C. and Westerweel, J. (2010) Eulerian and Lagrangian Insights into a Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow Using Time Resolved Tomographic PIV. New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics VII Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design, 112, 307-314.

[17]   Willert, C., Munson, M. and Gharib, M. (2010) Real-Time Particle Image Velocimetry for Closed-Loop Flow Control Applications. Conference Proceedings of 15th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, 5-8 July 2010.