Dark Energy Calculations Using the Paraquantum Gamma Factor (*γ*_{Pψ}) on the Relativistic Energy Equation

Affiliation(s)

Group of Applied Paraconsistent Logic, Santa Cecília University-UNISANTA, Santos, Brazil.

Group of Applied Paraconsistent Logic, Santa Cecília University-UNISANTA, Santos, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

A
Paraconsistent Logic (*PL*) is a
non-classical logic which revokes the principle of *non-Contradiction* and admits the treatment of contradictory
information in its theoretical structure. Paraquantum Logic (*PQL*) is based on a type of PL
denominated Paraconsistent Annotated Logic with annotation of two values
(PAL2v). The PAL2v have a representative Lattice of four vertices (Lattice
FOUR) where are made interpretations with construction of Paraquantum Logical
Model and equations capable computation values extract of Observable Variable
measurements. The studies of the *PQL* are based on propagation of Paraquantum logical states *ψ* in a Paraquantum Universe represented by *PQL*-Lattice of four vertices. These studies of *PQL* are based in two Paraquantum factors: the Paraquantum Gamma
Factor (*γ _{Pψ}*) that has his action in the
measurements of Observable Variables in the Physical world and the Paraquantum
Factor of quantization

Cite this paper

Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2014) Dark Energy Calculations Using the Paraquantum Gamma Factor (γPψ) on the Relativistic Energy Equation. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 319-334. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2014.56042

Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2014) Dark Energy Calculations Using the Paraquantum Gamma Factor (γPψ) on the Relativistic Energy Equation. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 319-334. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2014.56042

References

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[12] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2012) Relativity Theory and Paraquantum Logic—Part II: Fundamentals of a Unified Calculation. Journal of Modern Physics, 3, 972-988.

[13] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2013) Introducing the Paraquantum Equations and Applications. Journal of Modern Physics, 4, 712-733. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2013.46098

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[17] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2012) Analysis of the Spectral Line Emissions of the Hydrogen Atom with Paraquantum. Journal of Modern Physics, 3, 233-254. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2012.33033

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[2] Da Costa, N.C.A. and Marconi, D. (1989) An Overview of Paraconsistent Logic in the 80’s. The Journal of Non-Classical Logic, 6, 5-31.

[3] Da Costa, N.C.A. (1974) On the Theory of Inconsistent Formal Systems. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, 15, 497-510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1305/ndjfl/1093891487

[4] Jas’kowski, S. (1969) Propositional Calculus for Contradictory Deductive Systems. Studia Logica, 24, 143-157.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02134311

[5] Da Silva Filho, J.I., Lambert-Torres, G. and Abe, J.M. (2010) Uncertainty Treatment Using Paraconsistent Logic―Introducing Paraconsistent Artificial Neural Networks. IOS Press, Amsterdam, 328.

[6] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2011) Paraconsistent Annotated Logic in analysis of Physical Systems: Introducing the Paraquantum Factor of quantization hψ. Journal of Modern Physics, 2, 1397-1409. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2011.211172

[7] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2012) An Introductory Study of the Hydrogen Atom with Paraquantum Logic. Journal of Modern Physics, 3, 312-333. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2012.34044

[8] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2011) Analysis of Physical Systems with Paraconsistent Annotated Logic: Introducing the Paraquantum Gamma Factor γψ. Journal of Modern Physics, 2, 1455-1469. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2011.212180

[9] Mckelvey, J.P. and Grotch, H. (1978) Physics for Science and Engineering. Harper and Row Publisher, Inc., New York, London.

[10] Tipler, P.A. (1976) Physics. Worth Publishers Inc., New York.

[11] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2012) Relativity Theory and Paraquantum Logic—Part I: The Time and Space in the Paraquantum Logical Model. Journal of Modern Physics, 3, 957-971. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2012.39126

[12] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2012) Relativity Theory and Paraquantum Logic—Part II: Fundamentals of a Unified Calculation. Journal of Modern Physics, 3, 972-988.

[13] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2013) Introducing the Paraquantum Equations and Applications. Journal of Modern Physics, 4, 712-733. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2013.46098

[14] Tipler, P.A. and Llewellyn, R.A. (2007) Modern Physics. 5th Edition, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York.

[15] Tipler, P.A. and Tosca, G.M. (2007) Physics for Scientists. 6th Edition, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York.

[16] Einstein, A. (1955) Relativity the Special and the General Theory. Methuen & Co. Ltd., London.

[17] Da Silva Filho, J.I. (2012) Analysis of the Spectral Line Emissions of the Hydrogen Atom with Paraquantum. Journal of Modern Physics, 3, 233-254. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jmp.2012.33033

[18] Spergel, D.N., et al. (2006) WMAP Collaboration. Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Three Year Results: Implications for Cosmology.

[19] Ade, P.A.R., Aghanim, N., Armitage-Caplan, C., et al. (2013) (Planck Collaboration) Planck 2013 Results. I. Overview of Products and Scientific Results—Table 9. Astronomy and Astrophysics (Submitted).