OJBIPHY  Vol.4 No.2 , April 2014
Spectroscopic and Calorimetric Approach to Understand the Molecular Basis of Self-Association of Aureolic Acid Antibiotic, Chromomycin A3
Chromomycin A3 (CHR, pKa = 7.0), an aureolic acid group of antitumor antibiotic, undergoes self-association in aqueous solution in neutral and anionic forms. Self-association processes of neutral and anionic CHR have been studied in pH 5.0 and pH 9.0, respectively using different spectroscopic methods such as absorbance, fluorescence, CD, NMR and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). Results from these studies reveal that at low concentration (<10 μM), CHR exists predominantly in dimeric state for both neutral and anionic forms. With the increase of concentration, dimers further aggregate to form trimer and teramer in the following steps: (CHR)2 + CHR (CHR)3 and (CHR)3 + CHR (CHR)4. Analysis of NMR spectra of 100 μM and 1 mM CHR indicates that the self-association of CHR (neutral and anionic form) is most likely to happen via hydrophobic interaction involving the sugar moieties and surrounding water molecules. Calorimetric studies indicate that self-association of both anionic and neutral CHR is entropy driven. These observations imply that sugar substituents play a major role in their state of aggregation after biosynthesis from a gene cluster. The self-association features of the antibiotic have been compared with those of Mithramycin, an antibiotic of the same group.
Cite this paper: Dutta, S. , Lahiri, S. and Dasgupta, D. (2014) Spectroscopic and Calorimetric Approach to Understand the Molecular Basis of Self-Association of Aureolic Acid Antibiotic, Chromomycin A3. Open Journal of Biophysics, 4, 66-82. doi: 10.4236/ojbiphy.2014.42008.

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