ABSTRACT Culture is the soul of a nation, and national culture is the sign which distinguishes other ethnics. National culture is the direct reflection of cultural consciousness in real life, and cultural consciousness is the basic of national culture. The ethnical culture is easy to be impacted by the foreign culture under the rapid development of information globalization in China. As study subjects, 291 people of Shilin Autonomous in Yunnan province answered the questionnaire and investigator also made a random interview among the 291 people. Through the questionnaires and statistical analysis of the EXCEL 2003 and DELPHL method, the conclusion is the following: the ethnic cultural consciousness of Yi people in Shilin Autonomous County is rather weak today in China, the most obvious aspects showed on the ethnical language, folk dancing and costumes, festive culture and so on. At last, this paper suggested that people should protect their own culture under the strong urbanization and economic development. How to protect and develop the culture of the ethnic minority is an urgent matter in China.
Cite this paper
Xie, H. , Yi, J. and Gan, J. (2014) Cultural Consciousness of Chinese Ethnic Minority under the Economic Globalization —Illustrated by the Case of Ethnic Yi in Yunnan. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 275-282. doi: 10.4236/jss.2014.24030.
 Liu, S.W. (2004) Reflections on the Cross Culture in the Ethnic Cultural Awareness and Resources. Journal of Chu-xiong Normal University, 4, 63-66.
 Yang, F.Q. (1998) The Protection of Minority Cultures under the Modernization Process in China. Ideological Front, 5, 30-35.
 Liao, J.F. (2005) Globalization and Ethnic Cultural Diversity. The People Publishing, Beijing, 225-227.
 Huang, G.C. (2007) Yunnan Ethnic Culture Aspect Probe. Sciences Press, Beijing.
 Li, Y.M. (2007) Native Cultural Transformation of Rapid Urbanization Process. Shanghai People’s Publishing House, Beijing.
 Miriam, M. (2007) Development of Western Ethnic and Cultural Resource to Market. Ethnic Publishing House, Shanghai.
 Xing, H. (2012) National Language Identity and Ethnic Language Identity. Journal of Yunnan Normal University, 3, 36-44.
 Tao, Y.G. (2001) A Preliminary Research on the Culture Studies’ Meaning of the National Language. Nationalities Research in Qinghai, 2, 18-22.
 Ma, X.M. (2006) Study on the Assimilation and Use of Loanwords and Protection of National Languages. Journal of Harbin Institute of Vocational Technology, 1, 71-73.
 Yan, Y. (2004) The Cultural Connaotation Refracted by the Art Character of the National Dancing Costumes. Journal of Wuhan University of Science and Engineering, 3, 27-29.
 Yan, W.H. (2011) Traditional National Dance Apparel Research. Suzhou University, 1, 2-3.
 Yi, J. (2004) Discussing the Modernization of National Festival Culture. Journal of Heir Longjiang Social Science, 3, 58-62.
 Yang, S.Y. (2003) Contemporary Variation of National Festival Culture. Journal of Guizhou Normal University (Social Science), 6, 66-69.