JSS  Vol.2 No.4 , April 2014
Twenty-Year Reform of Teaching Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Fourth Military Medical University in China
ABSTRACT
Higher medical education in China is dually challenged by inadequate understanding of career motivation among high school graduates and by insufficient self-directed learning capability as a result of long-term exam-based education. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology is one of the most essential basic courses at Fourth Military Medical University (FMMU), but students usually feel torn to deal with it. We have been making efforts to improve teaching efficiency for over twenty years. Our teaching reform involves design of students-centered experimental course, reorganization of theoretical course and attempt to evoke critical thinking in class. A few tips are shared with regards to how to make the course of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology more rewarding.

Cite this paper
Zhao, J. , Li, Y. , Yan, B. , Jia, L. , Li, X. , Wang, L. , Liu, X. and Yao, L. (2014) Twenty-Year Reform of Teaching Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Fourth Military Medical University in China. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 269-274. doi: 10.4236/jss.2014.24029.
References
[1]   Burge, S.M. (2003) Undergraduate Medical Curricula: Are Students Being Trained to Meet Future Service Needs. Clinical Medicine, 3, 243-246.
http://dx.doi.org/10.7861/clinmedicine.3-3-243

[2]   Maudsley, G. and Strivens, J. (2000) Science, Critical Thinking and Competence for Tomorrow’s Doctors: A Review of Terms and Concepts. Medical Education, 34, 53-60.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2923.2000.00428.x

[3]   Grande, J.P. (2009) Training of Physicians for the Twenty-First Century: Role of the Basic Sciences. Medical Teacher, 31, 802-806.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01421590903137049

[4]   Norman, G. (2012) Medical Education: Past, Present and Future. Perspectives on Medical Education, 1, 6-14.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40037-012-0002-7

[5]   Sitaraman, R. (2012) From Bedside to Blackboard: the Benefits of Teaching Molecular Biology within a Medical Context. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 55, 461-466.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/pbm.2012.0030

[6]   Surapaneni, K.M. and Tekian, A. (2013) Concept Mapping Enhances Learning of Biochemistry. Medical Education, 18, 1-4.

[7]   Schauber, S.K., Hecht, M., Nouns, Z.M. and Dettmer, S. (2013) On the Role of Biomedical Knowledge in the Acquisition of Clinical Knowledge. Medical Education, 47, 1223-1235.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.12229

[8]   Kulasegaram, K.M., Martimianakis, M.A., Mylopoulos, M., Whitehead, C.R. and Woods, N.N. (2013) Cognition before Curriculum: Rethinking the Integration of Basic Science and Clinical Learning. Academic Medicine, 88, 1578-1585.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3182a45def

[9]   Finnerty, E.P., Chauvin, S., Bonaminio, G., Andrews, M., Carroll, R.G. and Pangaro, L.N. (2010) Flexner Revisited: The Role and Value of the Basic Sciences in Medical Education. Academic Medicine, 85, 349-355.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181c88b09

[10]   Elizondo-Omaña, R.E., Morales-Gómez, J.A., Morquecho-Espinoza, O., Hinojosa-Amaya, J.M., Villarreal-Silva, E.E., García-Rodríguez, M.L. and Guzmán-López, S. (2010) Teaching Skills to Promote Clinical Reasoning in Early Basic Science Courses. Anatomical Sciences Education, 3, 267-271.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ase.178

[11]   Sé, A.B., Passos, R.M., Ono, A.H. and Hermes-Lima, M. (2008) The Use of Multiple Tools for Teaching Medical Biochemistry. Advances in Physiology Education, 32, 38-46.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00028.2007

[12]   Azer, S.A., Guerrero, A.P. and Walsh, A. (2013) Enhancing Learning Approaches: Practical Tips for Students and Teachers. Medical Teacher, 35, 433-443.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2013.775413

[13]   Krupat, E., Sprague, J.M., Wolpaw, D., Haidet, P., Hatem, D. and O’Brien, B. (2011) Thinking Critically about Critical Thinking: Ability, Disposition or Both? Medical Education, 45, 625-635.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03910.x

[14]   Tiwari, A., Lai, P., So, M. and Yuen, K. (2006) A Comparison of the Effects of Problem-Based Learning and Lecturing on the Development of Students’ Critical Thinking. Medical Education, 40, 547-554.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2006.02481.x

[15]   Ludmerer, K.M. (2004) Learner-Centred Medical Education. New England Journal of Medicine, 351, 1163-1164.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp048112

[16]   Gwee, M.C.E. (2008) Globalization of Problem-Based Learning (PBL): Cross-Cultural Implications. Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 4, 14-22.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1607-551X(08)70089-5

[17]   Lian, J. and He, F. (2013) Improved Performance of Students Instructed in a Hybrid PBL Format. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, 41, 5-10.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmb.20666

[18]   Vanderford, N.L. (2011) Broaden Undergraduate Education. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, 39, 251-252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmb.20520

 
 
Top