OJEpi  Vol.4 No.2 , May 2014
Maternal Mortality Risk Factors in Regional Hospital of Burkina Faso
ABSTRACT
Individual causes and community determinants are synergic in maternal death occurrence. This study aimed to identify maternal mortality risk factors in a regional hospital. Material and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study from data of 1807 hospitalized women. To identify maternal mortality risks factors, mortality hazard ratio (HR CI95%) has been calculated in univariate analysis and Cox proportional hazard model. Results: During hospitalization, 30 maternal deaths occurred. From Cox regression, adjusted mortality HR confirmed that women age older than 35 (HR = 2.5, CI95%: [1.2-5.7] and younger than 19 (HR = 3.02, CI95%: [1.5-6.7]); distance to hospital ≥10 Km (HR = 4.1, CI95%: [1.8-9.4]; multiple deliveries (HR = 2.4, CI95%: [1.1-7.3]), less ante natal care (<3 visits) (HR = 3.03, CI95%: [0.97-9.48]); obstetrical maternal mortality directs causes (HR = 2.31, CI95%: [1.7-6.21]) and emergently reference (HR = 3.5, CI95%: [1.8-8.32]) were maternal mortality risk factors. Conclusion: In this regional hospital of low income country, identified maternal mortality factors are related to women socio-economic determinants and quality prenatal or obstetric care access. Interventions to reduce maternal mortality rate should be conducted within both household and women socio-economic status development and in maternal health and obstetric care strengthening.

Cite this paper
Savadogo, L. , Zombra, A. , Tamini, C. , Kinda, M. and Donnen, P. (2014) Maternal Mortality Risk Factors in Regional Hospital of Burkina Faso. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 4, 57-62. doi: 10.4236/ojepi.2014.42010.
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