Institute of Medicine [IOM] (1999) To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System. National Academy Press, Washington DC.
 Institute of Medicine [IOM] (2001) Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century. National Academy Press, Washington DC.
 European Opinion Research Group (2010) Patient Safety and Quality of Healthcare—Full Report Special Euro Barometer 327/72.2. Directorate-General for Health and Consumers, European Commission, Belgium.
 World Health Organization [WHO] (1984) Publication DEM/NC/84.153(E). WHO, Geneva.
 Quality Interagency Coordination Task Force [QuIC] (2000) Doing What Counts for Patient Safety: Federal Actions to Reduce Medical Errors and Their Impact, Report to the President. http://www.quic.gov/report/mederr4.htm#evidence
 National Coordinating Council on Medication Error Reporting and Prevention [NCC MERP] (1998) Taxonomy of Medication Errors.
 Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations [JCAHO] (2011) Sentinel Event Policy and Procedures. http://www.jointcommission.org/Sentinel_Event_Policy_and_Procedures/
 Leape, L.L. (1993) Preventing Medical Injury. QRB Quality. Review Bulletin, 19, 144-149.
 VΗA/Institute for Healthcare Improvement [VHA/IHI] (2002) IHI Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Adverse Event Trigger Tool IDICU Project, v.1. http://www.ihi.org/knowledge/Pages/Tools/ICUAdverseEventTriggerTool.aspx
 Null, G., Dean, C., Feldman, M., Rasio, D. and Smith, D. (2007) Death by Medicine. Life Extension Foundation.
 Lazarou, J., Pomeranz, B.H. and Corey, P.N. (1998) Incidence of Adverse Drug Reactions in Hospitalized Patients: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies. JAMA, 279, 1200-1205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.279.15.1200
 Xakellis, G.C., Frantz, R. and Lewis, A. (1995) Cost of Pressure Ulcer Prevention in Long-Term Care. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 43, 496-501.
 Barczak, C.A., Barnett, R.I., Childs, E.J. and Bosley, L.M. (1997) Fourth National Pressure Ulcer Prevalence Survey. Advances in Wound Care, 10, 18-26.
 Weinstein, R.A. (1998) Nosocomial Infection Update. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 4, 416-420.http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid0403.980320
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (2000) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report [MMWR]. Fourth Decennial International Conference on Nosocomial and Healthcare-Associated Infections, 25 February 2000, 49, 138.
 Burger, S.G., Kayser-Jones, J. and Bell, J.P. (2000) Malnutrition and Dehydration in Nursing Homes: Key Issues in Prevention and Treatment. National Citizens’ Coalition for Nursing Home Reform.
 Starfield, B. (2000) Is US Health Really the Best in the World? JAMA, 284, 483-485.http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.284.4.483
 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (2003) Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Rockville.http://www.ahrq.gov/data/hcup/hcupnet.htm.
 Tunis, S.R. and Gelband, H. (1994) Health Care Technology in the United States. Health Policy, 30, 335-396.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0168-8510(94)00692-8
 GeneralCologneRe (2002) Insurance Issues in Europe: Impending Changes in the European Health Care Sector and the Effect on Risk Management and Malpractice Insurance.
 National Coalition on Health Care and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (2000) Reducing Medical Errors and Improving Patient Safety Success Stories from the Front Lines of Medicine. Monograph in Accelerating Change Today (A.C.T.) foe America’s Health.
 Thomas, E.J., Studdert, D.M., Runciman, W.B., Webb, R.K., Sexton, E.J., Wilson, R.M., et al. (2000) A Comparison of Iatrogenic Injury Studies in Australia and the USA. I: Context, Methods, Casemix, Population, Patient and Hospital Characteristics. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 12, 371-378.http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/12.5.371
 Vozikis, A. and Riga, M. (2008) Medical Errors in Greece: The Economic Perspective through the Awards of Administrative Courts. Journal of Society, Economy and Health, 2, 423-437.
 Wilson, R.M., Runciman, W.B., Gibberd, R.W., Harrison, B.T., Newby, L. and Hamilton, J.D. (1995) The Quality in Australian Health Care Study. Medical Journal of Australia, 163, 458-471.
 Duthie, E., Favreau, B., Ruperto, A., Mannion, J., Flink, E. and Leslie, R. (2005) Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Medication Errors: The New York Experience. Advances in Patient Safety, 1, 131-144.
 Lincoln, T. (2012) Malpractice Payments Sunk to Record Low in 2011. Public Citizen’s Congress Watch, Washington DC. http://www.citizen.org/documents/npdb-report-2012.pdf
 Center for Justice & Democracy (2010) Recent Medical Malpractice Studies: Alarming and Costly Medical Errors; Major Errors Go Unreported; Lawsuits Continue to Drop.http://www.msllegal.com/downloads/Center-Justice-Democracy-Medical-Malpractice-Study-December2010.pdf
 Hayward, R.A. and Hofer, T.P. (2001) Estimating Hospital Deaths Due to Medical Errors. JAMA, 286, 415-420.http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.286.4.415
 Studdert, D.M., Mello, M.M. and Brennan, T.A. (2004) Medical Malpractice. New England Journal of Medicine, 350, 283-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMhpr035470
 Bates, D.W., Cullen, D.J., Laird, N., Petersen, L.A., Small, S.D., Servi, D., et al. (1995) Incidence of Adverse Drug Events and Potential Adverse Drug Events. Implications for Prevention. JAMA ADE Prevention Study Group, 274, 29-34.
 US Department of Health and Human Services (2002) Confronting the New Health Care Crisis: Improving Health Care Quality and Lowering Costs by Fixing Our Medical Liability System. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Washington DC.
 US Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (1994) Defensive Medicine and Medical Malpractice. US Government Printing Office, Washington DC.
 Mello, M., Studdert, D., Thomas, E., Yoon, C. and Brennan, T. (2007) Who Pays for Medical Errors? An Analysis of Adverse Event Costs, the Medical Liability System and Incentives for Patient Safety Improvement. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 4, 835-860. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-1461.2007.00108.x
 Zhan, C. and Miller, M.R. (2003) Excess Length of Stay, Charges, and Mortality Attributable to Medical Injuries during Hospitalization. JAMA, 290, 1868-1874. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.290.14.1868
 Studdert, D.M., Thomas, E.J., Burstin, H.R., et al. (2000) Negligent Care and Malpractice Claiming Behavior in Utah and Colorado. Medical Care, 38, 250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005650-200003000-00002
 Clark, C. (2010) Top 10 Most Costly, Frequent Medical Errors. Health Leaders Media. http://www.healthleadersmedia.com/industry_survey
 Larcher, G. and Dulberger, T. (2008) Trends in Medical Malpractice. Patients versus Profits. CAS Spring Meeting, Quebec, 15-18 June 2008.
 Utah Department of Health (2010) Utah Sentinel Events Data Report, Identifying Opportunities for Improvement. Health Insight and Utah Hospitals & Health Systems Association. http://health.utah.gov/psi/
 Kelly, D. (2006) Applying Quality Management in Healthcare: A Systems Approach. 2nd Edition, Health Administration Press, AUPHA Press, Washington DC.
 Council of Europe (2006) Recommendation Rec7 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on Management of Patient Safety and Prevention of Adverse Events in Health Care. 965th Meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies, Committee of Ministers, 24 May 2006.
 Konver, C. and Gergen, P.J. (1998) Nurse Staffing Levels and Adverse Events Following Surgery in US Hospitals. Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 30, 315-321. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1547-5069.1998.tb01326.x
 Aiken, L.H., Clarke, S.P., Sloane, D.M., Sochalski, J. and Silber, J.H. (2002) Hospital Nurses Staffing and Patient Mortality, Nurse Burnout, and Job Dissatisfaction. JAMA, 288, 1987-1993. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.288.16.1987
 Mitsis, D., Kelesi, M. and Kapadohos, T. (2012) Factors Which Affect the Occurrence of Nursing Errors in Medication Administration and the Errors’ Management. Rostrum of Asclepius, 11, 293-312.
 National Quality Forum (NQF) (2010) Safe Practices for Better Healthcare—2010 Update: A Consensus Report. NQF, Washington DC.
 House of Commons (2009) Patient Safety: Sixth Report of Session 2008-09. Vol. 1, Health Committee.
 European Commission (2008) Report on the Open Consultation on Patient Safety in the European Union. D.G. for Health and Consumers, Brussels.
 US Department of Health and Human Services (2011) National Strategy for Quality Improvement in Health Care: Report to Congress. US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington DC.
 Gregory, D. (2008) Adverse Health Event Management: International and Canadian Practices. A Background Document Prepared for the Task Force on Adverse Health Events. Ottawa.
 Vozikis, A., Pollalis, Y., Riga, M., Magina, N., Stoufis, N. and Teneketzi, Z. (2012) System for the Detection, Recording and Analysis of Adverse Events: Implementation in Intensive Care Units (ICU-MERIS). Archives of Hellenic Medicine, 29, 345-353.
 Vozikis, A. (2009) Information Management of Medical Errors in Greece: The MERIS Proposal. International Journal of Information Management, 29, 15-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2008.04.012
 Leapfrog Group (2006) The Leapfrog Group Issues Call for Hospitals to Commit to New Policy on Health Care “Never Events”. http://www.leapfroggroup.org/media/file/Never_Events_release_FINAL.pdf
 Consumers Union (2009) To Err Is Human—To Delay Is Deadly. Ten Years Later, a Million Lives Lost, Billions of Dollars Wasted. http://www.safepatientproject.org