One of the most popular standards for
protecting confidential information is the Data Encryption Standard (DES).
Although it has been replaced by the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), it is
still widely used in Automatic Teller Machines (ATM’s), smartcards, and mobile phone SIM cards. In
this paper, we present area-efficient and high-throughput FPGA implementations
of the DES which are developed using the Xilinx FPGA ISE design suite. In fact,
we propose modifications on the fastest DES design reported in the literature
and achieve 1.1 times higher speed. Also, we introduce an 8-stage pipelined
design that needs only 0.75 times the registers and consumes 0.65 times the power
of a similar 16-stages pipelined design. High-speed design and synthesis optimization
techniques including pipelining, register retiming, and logic replication are
used. Post- layout synthesis results show that the proposed implementations achieve
high throughput-to-area ratio. To make a fair comparison, the proposed designs
were synthesized using matching FPGA devices as being used by other implementations reported in the
Cite this paper
Bani-Hani, R. , Harb, S. , Mhaidat, K. and Taqieddin, E. (2014) High-Throughput and Area-Efficient FPGA Implementations of Data Encryption Standard (DES). Circuits and Systems
, 45-56. doi: 10.4236/cs.2014.53007
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