OJPed  Vol.4 No.1 , March 2014
Impact of Anemia on Mortality and Nutritional Recovery among Hospitalized Severely Malnourished Children in Burkina Faso
Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the impact of anemia on mortality rate and nutritional recovery, during severely malnourished inpatient treatment. Material and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted from data of severely malnourished children hospitalized at a feeding the rapeutic center. Pearson’s Chi square test, General linear model, Mortality relatives risks, Kaplan-Meir survival curves have been used. Results: At admission, 85.3% of included malnourished children had anemia (Hb ≤ 11 g/dl) and 10.6% severe anemic (Hb < 6 g/dl). Mortality rate did not differed significantly from severely malnourished children with anemia (12.4%) and without anemia (22.2%), p = 0.12. Kaplan Meir survival curves did not differed significantly between the two groups, (p Log Rank = 0.11). From admission to discharge, anthropometric Z-scores means evolution did not differed significantly between severely malnourished children with and without anemia at admission. But anthropometric Z-scores means evolution differed significantly within each group’s subjects: WHZ (between groups: p = 0.74; within subjects: p < 0.001), and WAZ (between groups: p = 0.54; within subjects: p < 0.001). Conclusion: With a strong respect of current recommendation of anemia treatment of inpatient severely malnutrition management, there is no increased mortality rate in SAM anemic group; and nutritional recovery is significant within subjects of SAM anemic and non anemic children, without difference between groups.
Cite this paper: Savadogo, L. , Zoetaba, I. , Ilboudo, B. , Kinda, M. and Donnen, P. (2014) Impact of Anemia on Mortality and Nutritional Recovery among Hospitalized Severely Malnourished Children in Burkina Faso. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 4, 115-120. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2014.41016.

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