ME  Vol.5 No.3 , March 2014
Regional Development Model Based on Organic Production of Nopal
Abstract: The compost production has been poorly explored in the agricultural areas of Mexico City. Farmers tend to use fresh manure as fertilizer on soil cultivation. The borough of Milpa Alta, as the main nopal producer in Mexico, requires a high amount of fertilizers to guarantee the fulfillment of yields and times of cultivation. Nevertheless the wide use of manure as only fertilizer implies several negative aspects not only for the crop but also for the environment. The compost is presented as a feasible option to improve the quality of crops and also to diminish the production cost. Compost has features and benefits that are directly reflected in the decrease of costs against the economic and conservation costs emerged with the use of fresh manure. The present research aims to evaluate the alternative use of harmless compost with quality to be used in agriculture. It was carried out through an analysis in an experimental plant built exclusively for the project. The main goal is to demonstrate the cost reduction in the nopal production in Milpa Alta by using compost instead of fresh manure.
Cite this paper: Elena, T. , Emilio, E. , Horacio, A. , Edmar, S. and Silvia, G. (2014) Regional Development Model Based on Organic Production of Nopal. Modern Economy, 5, 239-249. doi: 10.4236/me.2014.53025.

[1]   Levetin, E. and McMahon, K. (2008) Origins of Agriculture. Plants and Society. 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.

[2]   Squires, V. (2009) Historical Origins of Agriculture. The Role of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in Human Nutrition: Volume 4. EOLSS Publishers Co Ltd., Oxford.

[3]   Shirani, H., Hajabbasi, M.A., Afyuni, M. and Hemmat, A. (2002) Effects of Farmyard Manure and Tillage Systems on Soil Physical Properties and Corn Yield in Central Iran. Soil and Tillage Research, 68, 101-108.

[4]   Bierman, P.M. and Rosen, C.J. (2005) Nutrient Cycling and Maintaining Soil Fertility. Journal of Nutrient Management for Vegetable, Fruit & Nut Crops, The University of Minnesota, 10-11.

[5]   Rahman, S. and Wiederholt, R. (2012) Options for Land Application of Solid Manure. North Dakota State University, Fargo.

[6]   Harris, F. and Yusuf, M.A. (2001) Manure Management by Smallholder Farmers in the Kano Close-Settled Zone, Nigeria. Experimental Agriculture, 37, 319-332.

[7]   Weill, A.E. and McKyes, G. (1989) Agronomic and Economic Feasibility of Growing Corn under Reduced Tillage and Inorganic or Organic Fertilizer in Quebec. Soil & Tillage Research, 14, 311-315.

[8]   Rodríguez, M. and Córdovaa, A. (2006) Manual de Compostaje Municipal. Tratamiento de Residuos Sólidos Urbanos. Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, Instituto Nacional de Ecología, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit.

[9]   NEOINFORMATION (2003) Perspectiva Ambiental—Compostaje.

[10]   Escamilla, P., Tavera, M.E. and Villanueva, S. (2011) Factibilidad tecnológica para la producción de composta en el DF. Chapter 1. Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico.

[11]   Salinas, E. (2011) Factibilidad tecnológica para la producción de composta en el DF. Chapter 3. Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico.

[12]   Alvarado, H. (2011) Factibilidad tecnológica para la producción de composta en el DF. Chapter 2. Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico.