Every year, a number of breach failures occur in Irrigation Canals in Sindh. Those failures cause displacement of thousands of people, destruction of properties, land, and damage to costly crops that worth millions Rupees. In addition to that, breach failures also can cause water shortages when the failure occurs during the peak demand period. There are various causes of embankment failures which include overtopping, internal erosion, structural defects and piping. State of art for breach failures is presented in this paper and suggestions for prediction of breaches in context to canals in Sindh are discussed. Seepage and slope stability analyses are recommended for a long-term breach predictions.
 Steenbergen, F. (2014) Water Charging in Sindh, Pakistan—Financing Large Canal Systems.
 Wu, W., Altinakar, M., Al-Riffai, M. and Bergman, N. (2011) Earthen Embankment Breaching. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 137, 1549-1564. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000498
 Mohamed, M., Samuels, P., Morris, M. and Ghataora, G. (2002) Improving the Accuracy of Prediction of Breach Formation through Embankment Dams and Flood Embankments. Proceedings International Conference, Fluvial Hydraulics, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 663-673.
 Foster, M., Fell, R. and Spannagle, M. (2000) The Statistics of Embankment Dam Failures and Accidents. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 37, 1000-1024. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/t00-030
 Fell, R., Wan, C.F., Cyganiewicz, J. and Foster, M. (2003) Time for Development of Internal Erosion and Piping in Embankment Dams. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 129, 307-314.
 Hunt, S., Hanson, G. and Temple, D. (2006) Breach Widening Observations Related to Clay Core Earthen Embankment Tests. FLOODsite project report T04_06_01, April. http://hikm.ihe.nl/floodsite/data/Task4/pdf/failmechs.pdf
 Hanson, G., Cook, K. and Hunt, S. (2005) Physical Modeling of Overtopping Erosion and Breach Formation of Cohesive Embankments. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 48, 1783-1794.
 Dawn (2013) Canal Breach Inundates 500 Acres.
 Sindh Irrigation and Drainage Authority (SIDA) (2013)
 The Express Tribune (2013) More than 30000 People Have Been Displaced by Breach in Rohri Canal.
 The Express Tribune (2013) 400 Houses Damaged by Canal Breach in Khairpur.
 The News (2013) Breach in Jamrao Canal Inundates Several Villages.
 Business Recorder (2013) More than 300 ft Jamrao Canal Breach Damages Wildlife Sanctuary.
 Saama, T.V. (2013) Naushero Feroze’s DKM Submerged as Nusrat Canal Breaches.
 Hahn, W., Hanson, G.J. and Cook, K.R. (2004) Breach Morphology Observations of Embankment Overtopping Tests. Joint Conference on Water Resource Engineering and Water Resources Planning and Management, Minneapolis, 30 July-2 August 2000, 1-10.
 Clarke, D. and Smethurst, J. (2010) Effects of Climate Change on Cycles of Wetting and Drying in Engineered Clay Slopes in England. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43, 473-486.
 Rogers, L.E. and Wright, S.G. (1986) The Effects of Wetting and Drying on the Long-Term Shear Strength Parameters for Compacted Beaumont Clay. Center for Transportation Research, Bureau of Engineering Research, University of Texas at Austin, Texas.
 Lammeranner, W. and Meixner, H. (2008) Woody Plants on Floods Protection Levees: A Contradiction? The Use of Vegetation to Improve Slope Stability. 2nd International Conference on Ground Bio-Engineering, Beijing, 14-18July 2008.
 Wan, C.F. and Fell, R. (2004) Investigation of Rate of Erosion of Soils in Embankment Dams. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 130, 373-380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2004)130:4(373)
 Foster, M. and Fell, R. (1999) A Framework for Estimating the Probability of Failure of Embankment Dams by Internal Erosion and Piping Using Event Tree Methods. University of New South Wales, Kensington.
 Foster, M. and Fell, R. (2000) Use of Event Trees to Estimate the Probability of Failure of Embankment Dams by Internal Erosion and Piping. Proceedings of the 20th International Congress on Large Dams, Beijing, International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD), Paris, Question 76, 1, 237-260.
 Hanson, G. and Hunt, S. (2007) Lessons Learned Using Laboratory JET Method to Measure Soil Erodibility of Compacted Soils. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 23, 305. http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/2013.22686
 Wahl, T.L., Lentz, D.J. and Feinberg, B.D. (2011) Physical Hydraulic Modeling of Canal Breaches. Hydraulic Laboratory Report HL-2011-09, Bureau of Reclamation, US Department of the Interior, Denver.
 Sjoerd, W.D. (2004) Effects of Soil Compaction. http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/freepubs/pdfs/uc188.pdf