JWARP  Vol.6 No.4 , March 2014
Evaluation of Dredging Operations for Tigris River within Baghdad, Iraq
ABSTRACT

River Tigris divides Baghdad, capital of Iraq, in two parts. The reach of the river within Baghdad is about 60 km long. Many islands and bars are obstructing the flow of the river within Baghdad. To overcome this problem, dredging operations started along most of Tigris River inside Baghdad City to remove many islands and side bars, which reduced the flooding capacity and the efficiency of water intakes. An examination for the dredging plan under process and two proposed additional plans was performed using the Hydrologic Engineering Centers River Analysis System software (HEC-RAS) for a 50 km long river reach to investigate whether they can recover the designed flooding capacity of the river or just improving it. Calibration and verification processes were implemented in the model using observed water levels at Sarai Baghdad gauging station and along the last 15 km of the river reach. Comparisons of computed water levels were conducted with those of previous studies and historical data. Some improvement of flood capacity was achieved based on the recorded data of the last three decades. Cautions about the water intakes should be considered to maintain their function with the expected drop in water level due to dredging operations.


Cite this paper
Ali, A. , Al-Suhail, Q. , Al-Ansari, N. and Knutsson, S. (2014) Evaluation of Dredging Operations for Tigris River within Baghdad, Iraq. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 6, 202-213. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.64026.
References
[1]   Ali, A.A., Al-Ansari, N.A. and Knutsson, S. (2012) Morphology of Tigris River within Baghdad City. Journal of Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16, 3783-3790. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/hess-16-3783-2012

[2]   Al-Ansari, N.A. and Knutsson, S. (2011) Toward Prudent Management of Water Resources in Iraq. Journal of Advanced Science and Engineering Research, 1, 53-67.

[3]   Al-Ansari, N.A. (2013) Management of Water Resources in Iraq: Perspectives and Prognoses. J. Engineering, 5, 667-684.

[4]   Ali, A.A. (2013) Morphology of Tigris River inside Baghdad City. Licentiate Thesis, Lulea University of Technology, Lulea.

[5]   Geohydraulique (1977) Tigris River Training Project within Baghdad City. Report Submitted to the Iraqi Ministry of Irrigation, Paris.

[6]   University of Technology (1992) Training of Tigris River inside Baghdad City. Report Submitted to the Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Baghdad.

[7]   IMoWR (Iraqi Ministry of Water Resources) (2013) The Aims of the Dredging of Tigris River, 2013.
http://www.mowr.gov.iq/?q=node/571 (in Arabic)

[8]   OERDW (Office of Executing Rivers Dredging Works) (2013) http://erdw.mowr.gov.iq/ (in Arabic)

 
 
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