OJOG  Vol.1 No.1 , March 2011
Early discharge after major gynaecological surgery: advantages of fast track surgery
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Fast Track Surgery (FTS) programs have been adopted by many specialties with documented improved patient outcomes and reduced length of stay (LOS). Methods: We initiated a FTS program in January 2008 and present our experience up to and including November 2010 on patients whose LOS was 2 days. Results: During the study period 242 patients had a laparotomy performed. Overall 54(22.3%) patients were discharged on day 2. In the first year of initiating our FTS program 10% were discharged on day 2, 25% in year 2 and 31% in year 3. Twenty-two patients (41%) had malignant pathology and of these, 16 (73%) had local or regional spread and 6 (27%) had distant spread. Forty patients (74%) had vertical midline incisions (VMI) performed. Surgery was classified as complex in 40 cases (74%) and 6 (11%) patients underwent staging lymph node dissection. Average patient BMI was 26.1 with 44% of patients considered overweight or obese. There were no intraoperative complications recorded. When compared to 188 patients whose LOS was greater than 2 days, the early discharge cohort were more likely to have benign pathology, more likely to be younger, to have a transverse incision, to have received COX II inhibitors, to have a lower net haemoglobin (Hb) change and to tolerate early oral feeding. Conclusions: Increased clinical experience with FTS enables over 31% patients undergoing laparotomy to be safely discharged on day 2 without an increase in the read-mission rate or morbidity.

Cite this paper
nullCarter, J. , Philp, S. and Arora, V. (2011) Early discharge after major gynaecological surgery: advantages of fast track surgery. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1, 1-5. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2011.11001.
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