ABSTRACT Niobium doped titanium oxide (TiO2) colloid was synthesized to fabricate a hydrogen gas sensor layer on oxidized silicon wafer substrate. The layers were obtained using spin coating technique and then heated in air at 500°C for 30 min. The doping of TiO2 led to a significant enhancement of the sensitivity of the layer especially at low operating temperature. The effect of doping was found effective of operating the sensor at relatively low temperature (150°C). The layers show a very smooth nanostructure with average roughness of less than 0.5 nm. The behavior of the sensing characteristics of such layers was discussed related to their chemical compositions, morphology and their crystalline structure. The morphological and structural characteristics of the layers were studied through X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Atomic force microscopy (AFM).
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