JEP  Vol.2 No.2 , April 2011
Correlation of Asthma Symptoms with Prevalence of Indoor NO2 Concentration in Kuwait
ABSTRACT
The research literature provides strong evidence that characteristics of buildings and their indoor environments influence the prevalence of several adverse health effects. Kuwait is considered one of the countries with harshest weather conditions. It is estimated that Kuwaitis spend most of their times indoors. Indoor environments quality should be taken seriously since indoor allergens and irritants can play a significant role in determining the health of households. In this research we propose to profile synergistic interaction between morbidity differentials and air quality in Kuwait residential area. The objective of this project is to investigate the relation between indoors air quality and asthma symptoms. Data mining techniques are employed to discover the correlation between indoor air quality measures and asthma symptoms and trigger. The main trigger considered in this research is the concentration of nitrogen dioxide. Some other triggers investigated are dust mites, smoking and others.

Cite this paper
nullF. Al-Anzi and A. Salman, "Correlation of Asthma Symptoms with Prevalence of Indoor NO2 Concentration in Kuwait," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 186-193. doi: 10.4236/jep.2011.22021.
References
[1]   H. H. Al-Jahdali, A. I. Al-Zahrani, S. T. Al-Otaibi, I. S. Hassan, M. S. Al-Moamary and A. S. Al-Duhaim, “Perception of the Role of Inhaled Corticosteroid and Factors Affecting Compliance among Asthmatic Adult Patients,” Saudi Medical Journal, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2007, pp. 569- 573.

[2]   Expert Panel Report 2, “Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma,” NIH publication, Bethesda, 1997.

[3]   “Arizona Air Quality EPA Report,” 2009. http://ag.arizona.edu/plp/alternaria/ online/asthma.htm,

[4]   J. Wever-Hess, J. M. Kouwerberg, E. J. Diverman and A. M. J. Wever, “Risk Factors for Exacerbations and Hospital Admissions in Asthma of Early Childhood,” Pediatr Pulmonol, 2000, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 2250-256.

[5]   K. Moussa, “Factors Associated with Asthma in School Children,” European Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 12, No. 6, 1996, pp. 583-588. doi:10.1007/BF00499456

[6]   “Abu Dhabi Air Quality Monitoring Management Project Reprot,” 2002.

[7]   A. R. Al Frayh, Z. Shakoor, M. O. Gad El Ra and S. M. Hasnain, “Increased Prevalence of Asthma in Saudi Arabia,” Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Vol. 86, No. 1, 2001, pp. 292-296. doi:10.1016/S1081-1206(10)63301-7

[8]   A. Bush, A. Bener and A. Janahi, “Prevalence of Asthma among Qatari Schoolchildren,” International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, Vol. 41, 2006, pp. 80-86. 1.

[9]   N. Groom, “Frankincense and Myrrh: A study of the Arabian Incense Trade,” Longman, London, 1981.

[10]   A. J. Mohammed and L. G. Jasim, “A Relatively High Prevalence and Severity of Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis and Atopic Eczema in Schoolchildren in the Sultanate of Oman,” International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2003, pp. 69-76.

[11]   A. Brebner and E. Norman, “Asthma and Respiratory Symptoms among School Children in United Arab Emirates,” International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, Vol 32, No. 4, 2000, pp. 159-163.

[12]   A. AbdAzeem, E. Shareef and J. Al-Momen, “Prevalence of Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis, and Eczema in 13- to 14-Year-Old Children in Kuwait: An Isaac Study,” International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, Vol. 85, No. 1, 2000, pp. 58-63.

[13]   S. Al-Ali, M. Khan, Z. Hijazi, A. Dowaisan, M. S. Thomson and J. Georgi, “IgE-Mediated Sensitization to Mould Allergens among Patients with Allergic Respiratory Diseases in a Desert Environment,” C. I. Ezeamuzie, International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, Vol. 121, No. 4 , 2000, pp 300-307.

[14]   A. Al-Mousawi, “Asthma and Sensitization in a Community with Low Indoor Allergen Levels and Low Pet-Keeping Frequency,” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Inmmunology, Vol. 114 , No. 6 , 2004, pp. 1389-1394. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2004.09.005

[15]   W. S. Bouhamra and S. A. Abdul-Wahab, “Description of Outdoor Air Quality in a Typical Residential Area in Kuwait,” Environmental pollution, Vol. 105, No. 2, 1999, pp. 221-229. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(98)00221-8

[16]   A. A. Ramadan, A. Khan and S. Al-Hajraf, “Ambient Air Quality Monitoring in Southern Kuwait,” Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 101, 2007, pp. 363-372.

[17]   P. L. Alreck and R. B. Settle, “The Survey Research Handbook: Guidelines and Strategies for Conducting a Survey,” IRWIN Professional Publishing, New York, 1995.

[18]   S. C. Albright, W. L. Winston and C. Zappe, “Data Analysis and Decision Making with Microsoft Excel,” Duxbury Press, Boston, 2002.

[19]   I. H. Witten and E. Frank, “Data Mining: Practical Machine Learning Tools and Techniques,” 2nd Edition, Morgan-Kaufman, New York, 2005.

 
 
Top