JBiSE  Vol.2 No.3 , June 2009
Multi-frequency bioimpedance measurements of rabbit shanks with stress fracture
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The objective of this research is to investigate whether bioimpedance is useful to indicate a shank’s physical condition during training. Methods: Bioimpedance was applied to monitor the condition of 8 rabbits’ shanks in 3 weeks, during which the rabbits were trained for regular excessive jump daily. Nine tibias in 16 developed stress fracture after the 3-week training. Results: According to the analysis of the bioimpedance data, we found that changing pattern of bioimpedance properties of shanks which were more liable to suffer from SF was different from that of shanks which were not during training. Conclusions: This suggests that bioimpedance may be used to monitor the physical condition of a limb, imply its liability to develop stress fracture, and indicate stress fracture during training.

Cite this paper
nullZhang, X. , Luo, E. , Shen, G. , Xie, K. , Song, T. , Wu, X. , Gan, W. and Yan, Y. (2009) Multi-frequency bioimpedance measurements of rabbit shanks with stress fracture. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 2, 166-172. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2009.23028.
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[36]   A. Fottner and C. Birkenmaier, (2008) Stress fractures presenting as tumours: A retrospective analysis of 22 cases: Reply to Agarwal and Gulati, Int Orthop, Published online, August 6, 2008.

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[41]   H. P. Schwan, (1957) Electrical properties of tissue and cell suspensions, Adv Biol Med Phys, 5, 147-209.

[42]   B. Rigaud, L. Hamzaoui, N. Chauveau, M. Granie, J. -P. Scotto D. Rinaldi, and J. -P. Morucci, (1994) Tissue characterization by impedance: a multifrequency approach, Physiol Meas, 15, A13- A20.

[43]   K. S. Cole, (1940) Permeability and impermeability of cell membranes for ions, Cold Spring Harbor Symp Quant Biol, 8, 110-122.

[44]   E. T. Mcadams and J. Jossinet, (1996) Problems in equivalent circuit modelling of the electrical properties of biological tissues, Bioelectrochem, Bioenergetics, 40, 147-152.

[45]   S. J. Warden, D. B. Burr, and P. D. Brukner, (2006) Stress fractures: Pathophysiology, epidemiology, and risk factors, Current Osteoporosis Reports, Published online, March 26, 2008.

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