JBM  Vol.2 No.1 , March 2014
The Influence of Altitude and Latitude on Breeding of Amomum tsaoko (Zingiberaceae)
ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of altitude and latitude on breeding of Amomum tsaoko Crevost et Lemaire, a flexistylous ginger, which fruit is used as common materia medica and a food condiment. Methods: The 7 populations were selected randomly from the three floristic zones of Yunnan. Adult plants and infructescences were chosen randomly to gain flower number and fructification percentage per inflorescence, and seed number per fruit. All date was analyzed by SPSS (13.0 version). Results: As A. tsaoko was distributed (or transplanted) from a habitat at lower latitude and/or altitude to a site of higher latitude and/or altitude, the flower number per inflorescence increased, on the contrary, the fructification percentage per inflorescence decreased. The competition for reproductive resource was beneficial to increase flower number and seed production. Conclusions: The habitats in south of the tropic of cancer were favorable to the reproduction of A. tsaoko, which reproductive costs were lower and harvest was higher. Increasing flower number per inflorescence may be a strategy to promote the plant to distribute into alpine habitats for both female and male reproductive success.


Cite this paper
Yang, Y. , Liu, X. , Pu, C. , Qian, Z. and Guan, K. (2014) The Influence of Altitude and Latitude on Breeding of Amomum tsaoko (Zingiberaceae). Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 2, 9-17. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2014.21002.
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