ABC  Vol.4 No.1 , February 2014
Essential metal Zn in sponge Callyspongia aerizusa from Spermonde Archipelago
ABSTRACT

Spermonde Archipelago has been found to have a high sponge biodiversity. Sponges that have feeding behavior as filter feeder can be exposed to heavy metals, including Zn metal. Zn is an essential metal that is physiologically needed by sponge to catalyze chemical reactions and generally operates on enzymes. A study on Zn pollution level in Spermonde Archipelago from zone I to Zone IV was conducted by analyzing Zn concentration in sponges, sediments, and seawater. Physicochemical parameters measurement in Spermonde Archipelago indicates that Spermonde Archipelago meets the requirements for sponge growth. Callyspongia aerizusa can be used as metal pollution indicator because this sponge can accumulate heavy metal Zn in high level (99.30 mg/kg dry weight). This sponge was derived from Kondingareng Lompo island at zone III. In addition, Kodingareng Lompo island waters had the highest Zn concentration compared to other islands. Sediments from Lae-Lae island at zone I had the highest Zn metal concentration. Lae-Lae island is the nearest island to Makassar coastal line.


Cite this paper
Melawaty, L. , Noor, A. , Harlim, T. and de Voogd, N. (2014) Essential metal Zn in sponge Callyspongia aerizusa from Spermonde Archipelago. Advances in Biological Chemistry, 4, 86-90. doi: 10.4236/abc.2014.41012.
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