The population plagued with the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Cameroon is young, a generation that may desire or control fertility. For those who may become pregnant, the desire to have children may not be there. We carried out this study to look at the picture of the reproductive health needs of women living with HIV/AIDS in our setting. In this cross-sectional non-analytic design that lasted for three years, we employed both qualitative and quantitative methods to collect data from them after receiving ethical clearance (N221/CM/2009) from the National Ethics Committee. Consenting HIV infected women who were attending the “HIV Day Care” clinics and those who delivered and were in the post partum wards in four of our major hospitals in Yaounde were enrolled. Interviews were individualized. We used both CSPro version 4.1 and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 19.0 softwares for data analysis. Four hundred and fifteen (415) women were enrolled; the mean age was 29 ± 7.8 years; the most represented age group was 24 -29 years. They were single (36.14%), well educated (5 out of 10 had attained university level of education), 61.20% revealed that their partners knew their HIV status, 82.4% believed that screening for cancer of the cervix was necessary for their status and 47.70% would want to be screened for some or all STIs. About 36.86% had the desire to have children, 57.1% of those who delivered did not plan to have the pregnancies out of which 82% would have wanted a modern method of contraception but did not have (82% unmet needs). Modern contraceptive use was associated with age and individual characteristics such as level of education. It was 64.34% among women who had secondary level of education and below as against 35.66% among those who had high school level of education and above. Contraceptive use was also high among women who were unmarried as against those who were married (89.64% vs 10.36%). The desire to have children decreased as age increased (43.85% vs 18.79%) and was lower among married women compared to those who were single (13.01% versus 49.64%). These women were found to have high unmet needs for modern contraception and showed interest in STIs and cervical cancer screening.
 Barre-Sinousi, F. and Cheman, J.C. (1998) Isolation of T-Lymphotropic Retrovirus from a Patient at Risk of AIDS. Science, 220, 868-871. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.6189183
 Wu, H., Wu, P.Y., Li, S.Y., Chang, S.Y., Liu, W.C., Wu, C.H. et al. (2012) Maximizing the Potential of Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections in a Population. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 88, 612-616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2011-050354
 Gay, J., Hardee, K., Croce-Galis, M. and Hall, C. (2011) What Works to Meet the Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women Living with HIV/AIDS? Journal of the International AIDS Society, 14, 56.
 Ciaranello, A.L., Freedberg, K.A., Weinstein, M.C., Lockman, S. and Walensky, R.P. (2008) Antiretroviral Drugs for Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Sub Saharan Africa: Balancing Efficacy and Infant Toxicity. AIDS, 22, 2359-2369.
 Ngum, N.K. (2008) Survey of Knowledge Attitude and Practice of the Oral Contraceptive Pill among High School Students in Kumba, South West Region of Cameroon. M.D. Thesis (unpublished), FMBS, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde.
 Kakaire, O., Osinde, M.O. and Kaye, D.K. (2010) Factors That Predict Fertility Desires for People Living with HIV/AIDS Infection at a Support Center in Kabale, Uganda. Reproductive Health, 7, 27.
 Petruney, T., Harlan, S.V., Lanham, M. and Robinson, E.T. (2010) Increasing Support for Contraception as HIV Prevention: Stakeholder Mapping to Identify Influential Individuals and Their Perceptions. PLoS One, 5, 10781.
 Fon, E.A. (2011) Pregnancy Related Decisions among HIV Infected Women: The Case of Bamenda in the North West Region of Cameroon. M.D. Thesis (unpublished), FMBS, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde.
 Kongnyuy, E.J., Soskolne, V. and Alder, B. (2008) Hormonal Contraception, Sexual Behavior and HIV Prevalence among Women in Cameroon. BMC Women’s Health, 8, 19.
 Cooper, D., Harries, J., Myer, L., Omer, P. and Bracken, H. (2007) “Life Is Still Going on”: Reproductive Intentions among HIV Positive Women and Men in South Africa. Social Science & Medicine, 65, 274-283.
 Nattabi, B., Li, J., Thompson, S.C., Orach, C.J. and Earnest, J. (2009) A Systematic Review of Factors Influencing Fertility Desire and Intentions among People Living with HIV/AIDS: Implications for Policy and Service Delivery. AIDS and Behavior, 13, 949-968. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-009-9537-y
 Yeatman, S.E. (2009) The Impact of HIV Status and Perceived Status on Fertility Desires in Rural Malawi. AIDS and Behavior, 13, 12-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-009-9534-1
 Kipp, W., Heys, J., Jhangri, G.S., Alibhai, A. and Rubaale, T. (2011) Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy on Fertility Desire among HIV-Infected Persons in Rural Uganda. Reproductive Health, 8, 27.
 Update to CDC’s US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use 2010: Revised Recommendations for the Use of Hormonal Contraceptives among Women at High Risk of HIV Infection or Infected with HIV. MMWR, 61, 449-452.
 Holmes, R.S., Hawes, S.E., Toure, P., Dem, A., Feng, Q., Weiss, N.S., et al. (2009) HIV Infection as Risk Factor for Cervical Cancer and Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasm in Senegal. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 18, 2442-2446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0956
 Mutyaba, T., Mirembe, F., Sandin, S. and Weiderpass, E. (2010) Evaluation of “See and Treat” Strategy and Role of HIV on Cervical Cancer Prevention in Uganda. Reproductive Health, 7, 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1742-4755-7-4
 Benzaken, A., Sabido, M., Galban, E., Rodrigues-Dultra, D.L., Leturiondo, A.L. and Mayaud, P. (2012) HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections at the Borderlands: Situational Analysis of Sexual Health in the Brazilian Amazon. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 88, 294-300.
 White, R., Celum, C., Wasserheit, J., Aral, S. and Hayes, R. (2008) Control of Sexually Transmitted Infections for HIV Prevention. Lancet, 372, 1297. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61541-X
 Reynolds, H.W., Janowitz, B., Wilcher, R. and Cates, W. (2008) Contraception to Prevent HIV—Positive Births: Current Contribution and Potential Cost Savings in PEPFAR Countries. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 84, 49-53.
 Robinson, J.A., Jamshidi, R. and Burkr, A.E. (2012) Contraception for HIV—Positive Women: A Review of Interactions between Hormonal Contraception and Antiretroviral Therapy. Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2012, 890160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/890160