JWARP  Vol.6 No.3 , February 2014
A Framework for Potable Water in the Face of Plenty for Sustainability on Lekki Peninsula of Lagos State, Nigeria
Author(s) Kofo Aderogba*
ABSTRACT

Peninsulas are exceptional areas loved to be developed uniquely in most part of the globe. Lekki Peninsulas in Lagos, Nigeria is fast growing, benefitting from similar fortunes such as modern residential suburbs, free trade zone, airport; and tourism are springing up but without adequate potable water for sustainable development. Reconnaissance surveys followed by an In-Depth-Interview were carried out. The commonest sources are sachet, bottled and borehole waters. Sachet and bottled waters are readily available but at unaffordable costs. The most frequently available is borehole, but chemical, physical/organoleptic and microbiological analysis show that the compositions are not within WHO permissible standards. Sustainability is in jeopardy. Individuals, organizations and businesses spend average of 15% of their income on treatments to meet acceptable standards. There are needs to bridge the gap between the residents taking untreated poor water and the few that take WHO standardized waters. A Simple Water Treatment Device is recommended. The device consists of four chambers, two pumping machines, alum and chlorine for treatment. It is equipped with 12 to 13 valves (depending on the position of the chambers); and the entire system is powered by electricity. It will control water borne diseases such as typhoid, schistotomiasis, diarrhea and dysentery, hepatitis, cholera and others; potable water will be available for domestic, recreational and industrial uses; enough for use in the Free Trade Zone and at the forth coming airport; the Eighteen Golf Course will not have challenges of potable water; and forces and military formations within and around the peninsula can rely on the source for every use. It is estimated that the system that can provide average of 100,000 liters of water a day will cost N720,000:00, that is, outside the cost of electricity. The system requires regular maintenance. This device could be applied anywhere.


Cite this paper
Aderogba, K. (2014) A Framework for Potable Water in the Face of Plenty for Sustainability on Lekki Peninsula of Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 6, 185-192. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.63024.
References
[1]   T. Odumosu and K. Aderogba, “Infrastructures for Development in Nigeria: Electricity and Water,” Journal of Social and Policy Issues, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2008, pp. 56-62.

[2]   K. A. Aderogba, “Contemporary Water Supply Situations and Alternatives in Nigeria Schools and Colleges: Implications for Public Policy,” Perspective on Globalization, Development and Public Policy, Afro-Euro Centre for Development Studies, 2008, pp. 395-407.

[3]   K. A. Aderogba, “Environmental Consequences of Sachet and Bottled Water Usage in the Cities and Towns West of Niger River, Nigeria,” International Journal of Literacy Education, Department of Adult Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2009, pp. 153-170.

[4]   K. Aderogba, M. Oredipe and B. Komolafe, “Power Supply and Challenges of Sustainable Development in Nigeria,” In: A. Ogidiolu, S. D. Musa and Ifatimelin, Eds., Contemporary Issues in Infrastructural Development and Management in Nigeria, Association of Nigerian Geographers, 2010, pp. 371-382.

[5]   U. Mutallab, “The Business Support Group of Nigeria Vision 20:2020,” The Presidency and Nigeria Vision 2020, Abuja, 2011.

[6]   A. L. Mabogunje, “Nigerian Environment in the New Millennium,” Federal Environmental Protection Agency, Abuja, 1999.

[7]   World Health Organization, “Global Costs and Benefits of Drinking-Water Supply and Sanitation Interventions to Reach the MDG Target and Universal Coverage,” World Health Organization, Geneva, 2012.

[8]   World Bank, “Progress with Millennium Development Goal (A Progress Report),” World Bank, Washington DC, 2008.

[9]   Energy Information Administration, “Country Analysis Brief—Nigeria. Energy Information Administration,” EIA. Department of Energy, US Government, Washington DC, 2007.

[10]   A. Y. Hoekstra and A. K. Chapagain, “The Water Footprints of Nations: Water Use by People as a Function of Their Consumption Pattern,” Water Resource Management, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2007, pp. 35-48.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11269-006-9039-x

[11]   J. D. Marshall and M. W. Toffel, “Framing the Elusive Concept of Sustainability: A Sustainability Hierarchy,” Environmental & Scientific Technology, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2005, pp. 673-682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es040394k

[12]   World Health Organization/UNICEF, “Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: 2012 Update,” United Nations’ Children’s Fund and World Health Organization, New York, 2012.

[13]   American Heritage Dictionary, “World Histories and Mysteries: From Abracadabra to Zeus,” Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004, p. 216.

[14]   R. Clarke and J. King, “The Atlas of Water,” Earthscan, London, 2006.

[15]   Lagos State Government, “Environmental Sanitation Edict No. 12 Supplement to Lagos State of Nigeria Official Gazette Extraordinary,” Vol. 35, No. 18, 1985.

[16]   Lagos State Government, “Lagos State and the New Layouts,” Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning, Lagos, 2012.

[17]   O. A. Ibidun, “Vulnerability of Poor Urban Coastal Communities to Climate Change in Lagos, Nigeria,” Fifth Urban Research Symposium, 2009.

[18]   World Health Organization, “Guideline for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater, Volume 2: Wastewater Use in Agriculture,” World Health Organization, Geneva, 2006.

[19]   W. C. Clarke, “The Structure of Permanence: The Relevance of Self-Subsistence Communities for World Ecosystem Management,” In: T. Bayliss-Smith and R. Feachem., Eds., Subsistence and Survival: Rural Ecology in the Pacific, Academic Press, London, 1977, pp. 363-384.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-083250-7.50017-0

[20]   M. Redcliff, “The Meaning of Sustainable Development,” Geoforum, Vol. 23, No. 3, 1992, pp. 385-404.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0016-7185(92)90050-E

[21]   World Health Organization/UNICEF, “International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage: Revised Strategy and Funding Proposal,” World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, Geneva, 2013.

[22]   E. Orakpo, “Water Treatment Device: A Weapon to Control Water-Borne Diseases,” Vanguard Learning. Vanguard: Towards a Better Life for the People, Vanguard Media Limited, Lagos, Vol. 25, No. 61881, 2013, p. 32.

[23]   H. Shuval, “Estimating the Global Burden of Thalassogenic Diseases: Human Infectious Diseases Caused by Wastewater Pollution of the Marine Environment,” Journal of Water and Health, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2003, pp. 53-64.

[24]   S. V. Flanagan, R. B. Johnston and Y. Zheng, “Arsenic in Tube Well Water in Bangladesh: Health and Economic Impacts and Implications for Arsenic Mitigation,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, No. 90, 2012, pp. 839-846. http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.11.101253

 
 
Top