S. Z. Harangi, H. Downes, L. Kosa, C. S. Szabo, M. Thirlwall, P. Mason and D. Mattey, “Almandine Garnet in Calc-Alkaline Volcanic Rocks of the Northern Pannonian Basin (Eastern-Central Erope): Geochemistry, Petrogenesis and Geodynamic Implications,” Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, No. 10, 2001, pp. 1813-1843.
 T. H. Green and A. E. Ringwood, “Origin of the Garnet Phenocrysts in Calc-Alkaline Rocks,” Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1968, pp. 163-174.
 B. J. Henson and D. H. Green, “Experimental Study of the Stability of Cordierite and Garnet in Pelitic Composition at High Pressures and Temperatures,” Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 38, No. 2, 1973, pp. 151-166.
 T. H. Green, “Experimental Generation of Cordierite or Garnet Bearing Granitic Liquids from a Pelitic Composition,” Geology, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1976, pp. 85-88.
 T. H. Green, “Garnet in Silicic Liquids and Its Possible Use as: A P-T Indicator,” Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 65, No. 1, 1977, pp. 59-67.
 W. K. Conrad, I. A. Nicholls and V. J. Wall, “Water-Saturated and under Saturated Melting of Metaluminous and Peraluminous Crystal Composition at 10 kb: Evidence for the Origin of Silicic Magmas in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand and Other Occurrences,” Journal of Petrology, Vol. 29, No. 4, 1988, pp. 765-803.
 J. G. Fitton, “The Genetic Significance of Almandine-Pyrope Phenocrysts in the Calc-Alkaline Borrowdale Volcanic Group, Northern England,” Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 36, No. 3, 1972, pp. 231-248.
 J. S. Gilbert and N. W. Rogers, “The Significance of Garnet in the Permo-Carboniferous Volcanic Rocks of the Pyrenees,” Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. 146, No. 3, 1989, pp. 477-490.
 A. Al-Malabeh, “Cryptic Mantle Metasomatism: Evidences from Spinel l Herzolite Xenoliths/Al-Harida Volcno in Harrat Al-Shaam, Jordan,” American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 12, 2009, pp. 2085-2092.
 N. V. Sobolev, “Deep-Seated Inclusion in Kimberlites and the Problem of the Composition of the Upper Mantle,” Edwards, Ann Arbor, 1977, p. 279.
 J. B. Dawson, “Kimberlites and Their Xenoliths,” Springer Verlag, New York, 1980, p. 252.
 R. O. Moore and J. J. Gurney, “Pyroxene Solid Solution in Garnets Included in Diamond,” Nature, Vol. 318, 1985, pp. 553-555. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/318553a0
 A. L. Jaques, S. F. Haggerty, H. Lucas and L. Boxer, “Mineralogy and Petrology of the Argyle (AKI) Lamproite Pipe, Western Australia, in Kimberlites and Related Rocks,” The Geological Society, Vol. 14, 1989, pp. 153-169.
 S. Nasir and H. Al-Fuqha, “Spinel-Iherzolite Xenoliths from the Aritain Volcano, NE-Jordan,” Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 38, No. 2, 1988, pp. 127-137.
 J. E. Shaw, J. A. Baker, A. J. Kent, K. M. Ibrahim and M. A. Menzies, “The Geochemistry of the Arabian Lithospheric Mantle—A Source for Interaplate Volcanism,” Journal of Petrology, Vol. 48, No. 8, 2007, pp. 1495-1512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egm027
 J. E. Shaw, J. A. Baker, M. A. Menzies, M. F. Thirlwall and K. M. Ibrahim, “Petrogenesis of the Largest Intraplate Volcanic Field on the Arabian Plat (Jordan): A Mixed Lithosphere-Asthenosphere Source Activated by Lithospheric Extension,” Journal of Petrology, Vol. 44, No. 9, 2003, pp. 1657-1679.
 F. Barberi, G. Capaldi, P. Gasperini, G. Marinelli, R. Santacroce, R. Scandone, M. Treuil and J. Varet, “Recent Basaltic Volcanism of Jordan and Its Implications on the Geodynamic Evolution of the Dead Sea Shear Zone,” Atti die Convegni Lincei, Vol. 47, 1979, pp. 667-683.
 K. M. Ibrahim, K. Tarawneh and I. Rabba, “Phases of Activity and Geochemistry of Basaltic Dike System in Northeast Jordan Parallel to the Red Sea,” Journal of Asian Sciences, Vol. 21, 2003, pp. 467-472.
 V. E. Camp and M. J. Roobol, “Upwelling Asthenosphere Beneath Western Arabia and Its Regional Implications,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 97, No. B11, 1992, pp. 255-271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/92JB00943
 K. Tarawneh, S. Ilani, I. Rabba, Y. Harlavan, S. Peltz, K. Ibrahim, R. Weinberger and G. Steinitz, “Dating of the Harat Ash Shaam Basalt Northeast Jordan,” Report GSI/ 2/2000. Jordan, Natural Resources Authority (NRA), and Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, 2000.
 S. Ilanis, Y. Harlavaa, K. Tarawneh, I. Rabba, R. Weinberger, K. Ibrahim, S. Peltz and G. Stttteinitz, “New K-Ar Ages of Basalts from the Harat Ash Shaam Volcanic Field in Jordan: Implications for the Span and Duration of the Upper Mantle Upwelling Beneath the Western Arabian Plate,” Geology, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2001, pp. 171-174.
 A. Frumkin, M. Bar-Matthews and A. Vaks, “Paleoenvirnoment of Jawa Basalt Pleateau, Jordan, Inferred from Calcite Speleoyherms from a Lava Tube,” Quaternary Research, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2008, pp. 358-367.
 I. Guba and H. Mustafa, “Structural Control of Young Basaltic Fissure Eruption in the Plateau Basalt Area of the Arabian Plate, Northeastern Jordan,” Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 35, No. 4, 1988, pp. 319-334.
 K. M. Ibrahim, “The Geological Framework for the Harrat Asham Basalt Super-Group and Its Volcaotectonic Evolution,” Natural Resources Authority, Geological Mapping Division, Jordan, Vol. 25, 1993, p. 33.
 D. V. Hills and S. E. Haggerty, “Petrochemistry of Eclogites from the Koida Kimberlite Complex, Sierra Leone,” Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 103, No. 4, 1989, pp. 397-422.
 A. T. Fung and E. H. Stephen, “Petrography and Mineral Compositions of Eclogites,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 100, No. B10, 1995, pp. 20451-20473.
 K. Collers, S. Hapagoda, B. Kamber and Q. William, “Rocks from the Mantle Transition Zone: Majorite-Bearing Xenoliths from Malaita, Southwest Pacific,” Science, Vol. 288, No. 5469, 2000, pp. 1215-1223.
 M. Obata and K. Ozawa, “Topotaxic Relationships between Spinel and Pyroxene in Kelyphite after Garnet in Mantle-Derived Peridotites and Their Implications to Reaction Mechanism and Kinetics,” Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 101, No. 3-4, 2011, pp. 217-224.
 M. Operta, S. Hyseni, D. Balen, S. Salihovic and B. Durmishaj, “Garnet Group Minerals from the Amphibolite Facies Metamorphic Rocks of Krivaja-Konjuh Ultramafic Massif Bosnia and Herzegovina,” ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 7, 2011, pp. 20-28.
 M. Obata, “Material Transfer and Local Equilibria in a Zoned Kelyphite from a Garnet Pyroxenite, Ronda Spain,” Journal of Petrology, Vol. 35, No. 1, 1994, pp. 271-287.
 J. Dégi, R. Abart, T. Kalman, E. Bali, R. Wirth and D. Rhede, “Symplectite Formation during Decompression Induced Garnet Breakdown in Lower Crustal Mafic Granulite Xenoliths: Mechanisms and Rates,” Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 159, No. 3, 2010, pp. 293-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00410-009-0428-z
 M. J. Le Bas, R. W. Le Maitre, A. Streckeisen and B. Zanettin, “A Chemical of Volcanic Rocks Based on the Total Alkali-Silica Diagram,” Journal of Petrology, Vol. 27, No. 3, 1986, pp. 745-750.
 R. B. Luth, D. Virgo, F. Boyd and B. J. Wood, “Ferric Iron in Mantle-Derived Garnets,” Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 104, No. 1, 1990, pp. 56-72.
 R. N. Thompson, “Is Upper-Mantle Phosphorus Contained in Sodic Garnet,” Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1975, pp. 417-424.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X 75 90017-5
 F. C. Bishop, J. V. Smith and B. J. Dawson, “Na, P, Ti and Coordination of Si in Garnet from Peridotite and Eclogite Xenoliths,” Nature, Vol. 260, 1976, pp. 696-697.
 F. C. Bishop, J. V. Smith and B. J. Dawson, “Na, K, P and Ti in Garnet, Pyroxene and Olivine from Peridotite and Eclogite Xenoliths from African Kimberlites,” Lithos, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1978, pp. 155-173.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937 78 90006-3
 A. M. Reid, R. W. Brown, J. B. Dawson, G. Whitfield and J. Siebert, “Garnet and Pyroxene Compositions in Som Diamondiferous Eclogites,” Contribution Mineral Petrology, Vol. 58, No. 2, 1976, pp. 203-220.
 S. Haggerty, A. Fung and D. Burt, “Apatite, Phosphorous, and Titanium in Eclogitic Garnets in the Upper Mantle,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 21, No. 16, 1994, pp. 1699-1702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/94GL01001
 L. C. Kuo and E. J. Essene, “Petrology of Spinel Harzburgite Xenoliths from the Kishb Plateau, Saudi Arabia,” Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 93, No. 3, 1986, pp. 335-346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00389392
 A. V. Mc Guire, “The Mantle beneath the Red Sea Margin: Xenoliths from Western Saudi Arabia,” Tectonophysics, Vol. 150, No. 1-2, 1988, pp. 101-119.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951 88 90297-1
 A. V. Mc Guire, “Petrology of Mantle Xenoliths from Harrat Al Kishb: The MANTLE beneath Western Saudi Arabia,” Journal of Petrology, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1988, pp. 73-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/29.1.73
 J. Blusztajn, S. R. Hart, N. Shimizu and A. V. McGuire, “Trace-Element and Isotopic Characteristics of Spinel Peridotite Xenoliths from Saudi Arabia,” Chemical Geology, Vol. 123, No. 1-4, 1995, pp. 53-65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2541 95 00044-M
 S. Nasir and A. Safarjalani, “Lithospheric Petrology beneath the Northern Part of the Arabian Plate in Syria: Evidence from Xenoliths in Alkali Basalts,” Journal of African Earth Sciences, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2000, pp. 149-168.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0899-5362 00 00013-0
 S. Nasir, “The Lithosphere beneath the Northwestern Part of the Arabian Plate Jordan: Evidence from Xenoliths and Geophysics,” Tectonophysics, Vol. 201, No. 3-4, 1992, pp. 357-370.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951 92 90242-X
 Z. El-Isa, J. Mechie, C. Prodehl, J. Makris and R. Rihm, “A Crustal Structure Study of Jordan Derived from Seismic Refraction Data,” Tectonophysics, Vol. 138, No. 2-4, 1987, pp. 235-253.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951 87 90042-4
 I. Bany Yaseen, Z. Al-Hawari and A. Diabat, “Petrology, Geochemistry, Petrogenesis and Reactivation of Volcanic tuffs at Dair El-Kahif, NE Jordan,” Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2010, pp. 336-350.