Ancient Arabs have recognized metallic and mineral
ores, including their fluid inclusions which were still considered as a new
scientific fields in the 70’s last century. They discovered metallic ores
(gold, silver, copper), in inhabited areas and in delta and river crosses,
using different techniques for exploration and exploitation. Metallic
industry flourished during the Islamic period, silver and gold were used as
currency for commercial exchanges. Meteorites were also recognized by Ancient
Arabs. They collected them in the deserted areas, and used them for arms manufacturing,
as sabers and daggers. The more famous of these arms is the Damask saber steel,
known reputedly Jaohar. It has an extraordinary mechanical properties, and exceptional sharp cutting
edge. The Jaohar blades were forged directly from fall meteorites, at
temperature of 80℃, using a sophistical thermomechanical of forging,
annealing to refine the steel, and giving it this exceptional quality and
superelastic behavior. Meteorites using by Ancient Arabs come back to 400
years ago, as confirmed by a recent research on two meteorites samples,
presented in Aleppo museum, found in Ras Shamra, and Umm El Maraa, in Syria.
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