OJOG  Vol.4 No.2 , February 2014
Clinical and investigative correlates of etiologic risk factors on treatment outcome of intrauterine adhesion in women with infertility: A descriptive study

Background: Intrauterine adhesion is a clinical entity that may present with subfertility. However, outcome of management depends on severity of intrauterine adhesion and type of treatment intervention employed. Objective: To evaluate clinical and investigative correlation of etiologic risk factors of intrauterine adhesion on fertility and pregnancy outcome following treatment. Patients and Methods: A 5 years prospective observational study. Treatment employed includes transvaginal blind intrauterine adhesiolysis, insertion of inert intrauterine device or inflated Foley’s catheter balloon and oestrogen therapy. Inclusion criteria are intrauterine adhesion as the only identifiable cause of infertility and post treatment follows up for at least a year. Results: Over a period of 5 years, 63 patients with mean age of 31.6 years and age range of 21 to 42 years were managed. Etiologic risk factors were dilatation and curettage 33 (52.4%), vacuum aspiration 13 (20.6%), myomectomy 11 (17.5%) and caesarean section in 6 (9.5%) patients. Of the 63 patients, 28 conceived giving a pregnancy rate of 44.4%. Nine out of the 28 patients that conceived had miscarriage, giving a miscarriage rate of 32.1%. The highest pregnancy rate and lowest miscarriage rate were recorded in the subgroup that had vacuum aspiration as their etiologic risk factor. Late pregnancy complications encountered are preterm contractions 5 (26.3%), placenta praevia 4 (21.1%), morbidly adherent placenta 5 (26.3%) and preterm delivery in 2 (10.5%) patients. Route of delivery was per vaginum in 13 (68.4%) patients and by caesarean section in 6 (31.6%) patients. Live birth rate was 89.5% (17/19 deliveries). There was no maternal mortality recorded. Conclusion: Compared to other risk factors, uterine vacuum aspiration was associated with higher fertility rate and better pregnancy outcome.

Cite this paper
Adesiyun, A. , Zayyan, M. , Eka, A. , Williams, I. and Ojabo, A. (2014) Clinical and investigative correlates of etiologic risk factors on treatment outcome of intrauterine adhesion in women with infertility: A descriptive study. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4, 95-99. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2014.42017.
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