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 NR  Vol.5 No.2 , February 2014
Water and Energy Footprint Assessment of Bottled Water Industries in India
Abstract:

Assessment of water and energy footprint for eight bottled water industries was carried out. The investigation showed that one litre of bottled water has a water footprint of 17.41 litres and energy footprint of 7.08 MJ. Water consumption by the industry comprises 61% during material production, 17% in processes, 16% in energy and only 6% in the actual product. Hence, maximum consumption of water is in material production, while the processes required a smaller fraction of the total water and energy consumed. Therefore, water footprint can be reduced through optimization of water consumption in material production.

Cite this paper: S. Tandon, N. Kolekar and R. Kumar, "Water and Energy Footprint Assessment of Bottled Water Industries in India," Natural Resources, Vol. 5 No. 2, 2014, pp. 68-72. doi: 10.4236/nr.2014.52007.
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