Taguchi Optimization of Process Parameters in Friction Stir Welding of 6061 Aluminum Alloy: A Review and Case Study

Abstract

This study is intended to present a straightforward and computationally efficient methodology for optimizing the process parameters of friction stir welding (FSW) of 6061 aluminum alloy. In particular, it is shown how to minimize the heat affected zone (HAZ) distance to the weld line in the joined parts using a Taguchi optimization method and a temperature-field finite element model. The peak temperature during the process has also been minimized. Since the method is used for the first time in relation to the HAZ objective function, an auxiliary full factorial search is conducted to ensure Taguchi’s orthogonal design assumption for the FSW problems. Results confirm that the method can be suc-cessfully used for minimizing both the HAZ distance to the weld line and the peak temperature, with a minimal number of simulation runs via orthogonal arrays. In addition, a new ANOVA analysis on the L9 orthogonal array with three factors is performed and results indicate that among the parameters considered (i.e., the tool rotational speed, transverse speed, and the axial force), the most significant parameter on the weld quality is the rotational speed, followed by the axial force and transverse speed.

This study is intended to present a straightforward and computationally efficient methodology for optimizing the process parameters of friction stir welding (FSW) of 6061 aluminum alloy. In particular, it is shown how to minimize the heat affected zone (HAZ) distance to the weld line in the joined parts using a Taguchi optimization method and a temperature-field finite element model. The peak temperature during the process has also been minimized. Since the method is used for the first time in relation to the HAZ objective function, an auxiliary full factorial search is conducted to ensure Taguchi’s orthogonal design assumption for the FSW problems. Results confirm that the method can be suc-cessfully used for minimizing both the HAZ distance to the weld line and the peak temperature, with a minimal number of simulation runs via orthogonal arrays. In addition, a new ANOVA analysis on the L9 orthogonal array with three factors is performed and results indicate that among the parameters considered (i.e., the tool rotational speed, transverse speed, and the axial force), the most significant parameter on the weld quality is the rotational speed, followed by the axial force and transverse speed.

Cite this paper

M. Nourani, A. Milani and S. Yannacopoulos, "Taguchi Optimization of Process Parameters in Friction Stir Welding of 6061 Aluminum Alloy: A Review and Case Study,"*Engineering*, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2011, pp. 144-155. doi: 10.4236/eng.2011.32017.

M. Nourani, A. Milani and S. Yannacopoulos, "Taguchi Optimization of Process Parameters in Friction Stir Welding of 6061 Aluminum Alloy: A Review and Case Study,"

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