AiM  Vol.4 No.3 , February 2014
The Optimization of Aspergillus sp. GM4 Tannase Production under Submerged Fermentation
ABSTRACT

Tannase is a hydrolytic enzyme that is involved in the biodegradation of tannins and it has biotechnological potential in the pharmaceutical, chemical, food and beverage industries. Microorganisms, especially filamentous fungi, are important tannase producers. The aims of this work were to find a potential tannase producer and to improve the cultivation conditions. Three Aspergillus species (A. japonicus 246A, A. tamarii 3 and Aspergillus sp. GM4) were investigated in different culture media (Adams, Czapeck, Khanna, M5 and Vogel) and inducers (1% and 2% tannic acid; 1% green tea; 1% methyl gallate; 1% gallic acid). Aspergillus sp. GM4 and Adams medium were selected. The tannase production by Aspergillus sp. GM4 in Adams medium was induced in the presence of 2% (w/v) tannic acid and gallic acid as carbon sources, while green tea was not able to induce tannase production. The Plackett-Burman screening design was performed with the variables MgSO4, KH2PO4, yeast extract, tannic acid, agitation rate and salt solution. The variables MgSO4 and agitation rate were selected for the optimization of tannase production using a Central Composite Rotatable Design. Under optimized conditions, a 2.66-fold increase in the enzyme production was observed with small modifications in the medium composition.


Cite this paper
A. Melo, R. Pedroso, L. Guimarães, J. Alves, E. Dias, M. Resende and P. Cardoso, "The Optimization of Aspergillus sp. GM4 Tannase Production under Submerged Fermentation," Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 4 No. 3, 2014, pp. 143-150. doi: 10.4236/aim.2014.43019.
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