ABC  Vol.4 No.1 , February 2014
Application of prodigiosin as a colorant for polyolefines
Abstract: Serratia marcescens strain 9986 is a producer of prodigiosin used as a dye of polyolefines (polyethylene, ultratene). The biosynthesis of pigment was closely connected with controlled growth parameters. A prodigiosin yield 0.2 - 0.4 mg per l of culture medium in the batch culture under aerobic conditions was obtained. Prodigiosin was extracted from crude biomass treated by 0.1% of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). This novel elaborated stage is necessary for thermostability a dye in polymer. The consumption of prodigiosin preparation is more economical in the technology of the coloration of polyolefines. The elaborated method has been manufactured for dyeing polyethylene by biological pigment-articles of the common use corresponding to the technological standard.
Cite this paper: Ryazantseva, I. and Andreyeva, I. (2014) Application of prodigiosin as a colorant for polyolefines. Advances in Biological Chemistry, 4, 20-25. doi: 10.4236/abc.2014.41004.

[1]   Spolaore, P., Joannis-Cassan, C., Duran, E. and Isambert, A. (2006) Rewiew commercial application of microalgae. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengeering, 100, 87-96.

[2]   Grimont, P.A.D. and Grimont, F. (1984) Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology. The Williams & Wilkins Co Baltimore, 477-484.

[3]   Khanafari, A., Assadi, M.M. and Fakhr, F.A. (2006) Review of prodigiosin, pigmentation in Serratia marcescens. Journal of Biological Sciences, 6, 1-13.

[4]   Williams, R.P., Gott, C.L. and Green, J.A. (1961) Studies on pigmentation of Serratia marcescens. Journal Bacteriology, 81, 376-389.

[5]   Williams, R.P., Gott, C.L., Quadri, S.M.H. and Scott, R.H. (1971) Influence of temperature and type of growth medium on pigmentation of Serratia marcescens. Journal Bacteriology, 106, 438-443.

[6]   Vinas, M., Loren, J. and Giunea, J. (1983) Particulatr— bound pigment of Serratia marcescens and its association with the cellular envelopes. Microbios Letters, 24, 19-26.

[7]   Bennett, J.W. and Bentley, R. (2000) The story of prodigiosin. Advance of Applied Microbiology, 47, 1-32.

[8]   Ryazantseva, I.N., Saakov, V.S., Andreyeva, I.N., Ogorodnikova, T.I. and Zuev, Y. (2012) Response of pigmented Serratia marcescens to the illumination. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 106, 18-23.

[9]   Herbst, W. and Hunger, K. (1995) Industrielle organische Pigmente. 2rd Edition, VCH, Modern Plastics No. 12, 284.

[10]   Moraes, C.C. and Kalil, S.J. (2009) Strategy for a protein purification design using C-phycocyanin extract. Biore-source Technology, 100, 5312-5317.

[11]   Bobreshova, E.E., Kudryashov, V.N., Ryazantseva, I.N., Andreyeva, I.N., Valiyeva, N., Ogorodnikova, T.I. and Moshkova, Y.N. (2008) Microbial pigments to chemical technology. Kazan Press, 58-59.

[12]   Giri, A.V., Anandkumar, G.M. and Pennathur, G. (2004) A novel medium for the enhanced cell growth and production of prodigiosin from Serratia marcescens isolated from soil,” BMC Microbiology, 4, 11-15.

[13]   Bunting, M.J. (1940) A description of some colour variants produced by Serratia marcescens Strain 274. Journal Bacteriology, 40, 57-68.

[14]   Cho, L.K.N., Lowe, J.A., Maguire, R.B. and Tsang, J.C. (1987) Relationship of prodigiosin condensing enzyme activity to the biosynthesis of prodigiosin and its precursors in Serratia marcescens. Experientia, 43, 397-409.

[15]   Feng, J.S., Webb, J.W. and Tsang, J.C. (1982) Enhancement of sodium dodecyl sulfate of pigment formation in Serratia marcescens 08. Applied and Environment of Microbiology, 43, 850-854.

[16]   Sole, M., Rius, N., Francia, A. and Loren, J.G. (1994) The effect of pH on prodigiosin production by non-proliferating cells of Serratia marcescens. Letters Applied of Microbiology, 19, 341-344.

[17]   Erickson, H.P. (2009) Size and shape of protein molecules at the nanometer level determined by sedimentation, gel filtration, and electron microscopy. Biological Procedures Online, 11, 32-51.

[18]   Streletzky, K. and Phillies, G.D.J. (1995) Temperature dependence of Triton X100 micelle size hydration. Langmuir, 11, 42-47.

[19]   Charlton, I.D. and Doherty, A.P. (2000) Electrolyte-induced structural evolution of Triton X100 micelles. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 104, 8327-8332.

[20]   Silverman, M.P. and Munoz, E.F. (1973) Effect of iron and salt on prodigiosin synthesis of Serratia marcescens. Journal Bacteriology, 114, 999-1005.

[21]   Matsuyama, T., Murakami, T., Fujita, M., Fujita, S. and Yano, J. (1986) Extracellular vesicle formation and bio-surfactant production by Serratia marcescens. Journal of General Microbiology, 132, 865-875.