M. A. Ragan and K.-W. Glombitza, “Phlorotannins, Brown Algal Polyphenols,” In: F. E. Round and D. J. Chapman, Eds., Progress in Phycological Research, Biopress, Bristol, Vol. 4, 1986, pp. 129-241.
 C. D. Amsler and V. A. Fairhead, “Defensive and Sensory Chemical Ecology of Brown Algae,” In: J. A. Callow, Ed., Advances in Botanical Research, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Vol. 43, 2006, pp. 1-91.
 J. A. Geiselman and O. J. McConell, “Polyphenols in Brown Algae Fucus vesiculosus and Ascophyllum nodosum: Chemical Defenses against the Marine Herbivorous Snail, Littorina littorea,” Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 7, No. 6, 1981, pp. 1115-1133.
 P. D. Steinberg, “Algal Chemical Defense against Herbivores: Allocation of Phenolic Compounds in the Kelp Alaria marginata,” Science, Vol. 223, No. 4634, 1984, pp. 405-407. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.223.4634.405
 K. Taniguchi, Y. Akimoto, K. Kurata and M. Suzuki, “Chemical Defense Mechanism of the Brown Alga Eisenia bicyclis against Marine Herbivores,” Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, Vol. 58, No. 3, 1992, pp. 571-575.
 K. Taniguchi, K. Kurata and M. Suzuki, “Feeding-Deterrent Activity of Some Laminariaceous Brown Algae against the Ezo-abalone,” Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, Vol. 58, No. 3, 1992, pp. 577-581.
 N. M. Targett and T. M. Arnold, “Predicting the Effects of Brown Algal Phlorotannins on Marine Herbivores in Tropical and Temperate Oceans,” Journal of Phycolgy, Vol. 34, No. 2, 1998, pp. 195-205.
 T. Shibata, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Hama, M. Inagaki, K. Yamaguchi and T. Nakamura, “Local and Chemical Distribution of Phlorotannins in Brown Algae,” Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2004, pp. 291-296.
 T. Shibata, K. Yamaguchi, K. Nagayama, S. Kawaguchi and T. Nakamura, “Inhibitory Activity of Brown Algal Phlorotannins against Glycosidases from the Viscera of the Turban Shell Turbo cornutus,” European Journal of Phycology, Vol. 37, No. 4, 2002, pp. 493-500.
 T. Shibata, Y. Hama, T. Miyasaki, M. Ito and T. Nakamura, “Extracellular Secretion of Phenolic Substances from Living Brown Algae,” Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 18, No. 6, 2006, pp. 787-794.
 T. Shibata, Y. Tashiro and Y. Hama, “Extracellular Secretion of Phenolic Substances from Living Brown Algae: Phlorotannins Are Not Secreted from the Algae into the Seawater Medium,” Annual Report Venture Business Laboratory Saga University, Vol. 5, 2004, pp. 89-94.
 J. McN. Sieburth and J. T. Conover, “Sargassum Tannin, an Antibiotic Which Retards Fouling,” Nature, Vol. 208, No. 5005, 1965, pp. 52-53.
 T. Sakami, “Effects of Algal Excreted Substances on the Respiration Activities of Epiphytic Bacteria on the Brown Alga, Eisenia bicyclis Kjellman,” Fisheries Science, Vol. 62, No. 3, 1996, pp. 394-396.
 A. K. Swanson and L. D. Druehl, “Induction, Exudation and the UV Protective Role of Kelp Phlorotannins,” Aquatic Botany, Vol. 73, No. 3, 2002, pp. 241-253.
 T. Shibata, K. Ishimaru, S. Kawaguchi, H. Yoshikawa and Y. Hama, “Antioxidant Activities of Phlorotannins Isolated from Japanese Laminariaceae,” Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 20, No. 5, 2008, pp. 705-711.
 Y. Fujii, R. Tanaka, H. Miyake, Y. Tamaru, M. Ueda and T. Shibata, “Evaluation for Antioxidative Properties of Phlorotannins Isolated from the Brown Alga Eisenia bicyclis, by the H-ORAC Method,” Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 8A, 2013, pp. 78-82.
 F. B. Whitfield, F. Helidoniotis, K. J. Shaw and D. Svoronos, “Distribution of Bromophenols in Species of Marine Algae from Eastern Australia,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 47, No. 6, 1999, pp. 2367-2373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf981080h
 H. Y. Chung, W. C. Joyce Ma, P. O. Ang Jr., J.-S. Kim and F. Chen, “Seasonal Variations of Bromophenols in Brown Algae (Padina arborescens, Sargassum siliquastrum, and Lobophora variegata) Collected in Hong Kong,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 51, No. 9, 2003, pp. 2619-2624.
 Y. Agatsuma, H. Endo and K. Taniguchi, “Inhibitory Effect of 2,4-Dibromophenol and 2,4,6-Tribromophenol on Larval Survival and Metamorphosis of the Sea Urchin Strongylocentrotus nudus,” Fisheries Science, Vol. 74, No. 4, 2008, pp. 837-841.
 J.-Y. Li, H. Endo, Y. Agatsuma and K. Taniguchi, “Inhibition of Larval Survival and Metamorphosis of the Sea Urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius by 2,4-Dibromophenol and 2,4,6-Tribromophenol,” Aquaculture Science, Vol. 59, No. 2, 2011, pp. 247-253.