AJPS  Vol.5 No.3 , February 2014
Variability in Glucosinolate Content among Camelina Species
Abstract: Glucosinolate content in Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz (false flax, gold-of-pleasure) and its relatives C. microcarpa, C. alyssum, C. rumelica and C. hispida was investigated. With the exception of C. hispida in which GSL3 was absent, in all remaining species, three characteristic glucosinolates (GSL1, GSL2 and GSL3) were identified. Camelina genotypes of spring type (C. sativa CAM134, C. alyssum CAM21) showed a typical pattern of glucosenolates with GSL1 > GSL3. GSL1 was present in traces in C. microcarpa and at low levels in C. rumelica and C. alyssum subsp. alyssum. In C. hispida, the GSL1 content was greater than GSL2 and, only in this specie, GSL2 represented less than 50% of total glucosinolates. These differences in the glucosinolate pattern among Camelina species could be exploited to reduce the total content of glucosinolates in C. sativa.
Cite this paper: R. Russo, I. Galasso and R. Reggiani, "Variability in Glucosinolate Content among Camelina Species," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 3, 2014, pp. 294-298. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.53040.

[1]   J. W. Fahey, A. T. Zalcmann and P. Talalay, “The Chemical Diversity and Distribution of Glucosinolates and Isothiocyanates among Plants,” Phytochemistry, Vol. 56, No. 1, 2001, pp. 5-51.

[2]   European Food Safety Authority, “Glucosinolates as Undesirable Substances in Animal Feed,” EFSA Journal, Vol. 590, No. 1, 2008, pp. 1-76.

[3]   S. I. Warwick, “Brassicaceae in Agriculture,” In: R. Schmidt and I. Bancroft, Eds., Genetics and Genomics of the Brassicaceae. Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models, Springer, New York, 2011, pp. 33-65.

[4]   J. M. Bell, “Factors Affecting the Nutritional Value of Canola Meal: A Review,” Canadian Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 73, No. 4, 1993, pp. 689-697.

[5]   S. R. Schill, “Camelina Meal Approved for Feedlot Cattle,” Biodiesel Magazine, 2010.

[6]   A. Schuster and W. Friedt, “Glucosinolate Content and Composition as Parameters of Quality of Camelina Seed,” Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 7, No. 2-3, 1998, pp. 297-302.

[7]   M. E. Daxenbichler, G. F. Spencer, D. G. Carlson, G. B. Rose, A. M. Brinker and R. G. Powell, “Glucosinolate Composition of Seeds from 297 Species of Wild Plants,” Phytochemistry, Vol. 30, No. 8, 1991, pp. 2623-2638.

[8]   R. Russo and R. Reggiani, “Antinutritive Compounds in Twelve Camelina sativa Genotypes,” American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 10, 2012, pp. 1408-1412.

[9]   G. Séguin-Swartz, J. A. Nettleton, C. Sauder, S. I. Warwick and R. K. Gugel, “Hybridization between Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz (False Flax) and North American Camelina Species,” Plant Breeding, Vol. 132, No. 4, 2013, pp. 390-396.