Back
 OJPP  Vol.4 No.1 , February 2014
Individual Essences in Avicenna’s Metaphysics
Abstract: Central to Aristotle’s metaphysics is the question of individuality. The individuality of each substance is explained in relation to “matter” because the “form” is universal. Avicenna, as one of the Aristotelian Neoplatonist philosophers, is not content with this explanation and proposes to establish individuality on other grounds. In this paper, I argue that in his perspective it is not the “matter” which determines individuality but rather the principle of existence.  
Cite this paper: Kamal, M. (2014). Individual Essences in Avicenna’s Metaphysics. Open Journal of Philosophy, 4, 16-21. doi: 10.4236/ojpp.2014.41004.
References

[1]   Aristotle (1995a). Categories. In J. Barnes (Ed.), Complete works of Aristotle, Vol. 1. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

[2]   Aristotle (1995b). Metaphysics. In J. Barnes (Ed.), Complete works of Aristotle, Vol. 2. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

[3]   Aristotle (1995c). Physics. In J. Barnes (Ed.), Complete works of Aristotle, Vol. 1. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

[4]   Aristotle (1995d). De Generatione et Corruptione. In J. Barnes (Ed.), Complete works of Aristotle, Vol. 1. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

[5]   Avicenna (1985). Kitab al-Najat, Beirut: Dar Afaq al-Jadideh.

[6]   Avicenna (1973). Danishnama-i ‘ala’i, (The Book of Scientific Knowledge), translated by Parviz Morewedge. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

[7]   Avicenna (2005). The metaphysics of healing (al-Shifa), a parallel English-Arabic text, translated, introduced and annotated by Michael Marmura. Provo, Utah: Brigham University Press.

[8]   Avicenna (2009). The physics of the healing, Books I & II, a parallel English-Arabic text, translated, introduced and annotated by Jon McGinnis. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press.

[9]   Burrell, D. B. (1993). Aquinas and Islamic and Jewish thinkers. In N. Kretzmann, & E. Stump (Eds.), The Cambridge companion to aquinas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CCOL0521431956.004

[10]   Gill, M. L. (1991). Aristotle on substance: The paradox of unity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[11]   Irwin, T. H. (2002). Aristotle’s first principles. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

[12]   Morewedge, P. (1982). Philosophies of existence ancient and medieval. Parviz Morewedge, New York: Fordham University Press.

[13]   Nasr, S. H. (2006). Islamic philosophy from its origin to the present: Philosophy in the land of prophecy. Albany: State University Press of New York Press.

[14]   O’Meara, D. J. (1993). Plotinus: An introduction to enneads. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

[15]   Plotinus (1952). The six enneads. Translated by Stephen MacKenna and B. S. Page, Chicago, London, Toronto: William Benton Publisher.

[16]   Rahman, F. (1975). The philosophy of Mulla Sadra (Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi). Albany: State University of New York Press.

 
 
Top