Abraham, M. R., Williamson, V. M., & Westbrook, S. L. (1994). A cross-age study of the understanding five concepts. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 31, 147-165.
 Amir, G., & Williams, J. (1999). Cultural influences on children’s probabilistic thinking. Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 18, 85-107.
 Aspinwall, L., & Shaw, K. L. (2000). Enriching students’ matematical intuitions with probability games and tree diagrams. Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 6, 214-220.
 Baker, M., & Chick, H. L. (2007). Making the most of chance. Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 12, 8-13.
 Barnes, M. (1998). Dealing with misconceptions about probability. Australian Mathematics Teacher, 54, 17-20.
 Batanero, C., & Serrano, L. (1999). The meaning of randomness for secondary school students. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 30, 558-567. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/749774
 Bezzina F. (2004). Pupils’ Understanding of Probabilistic & Statistics (14-15+) Difficulties and Insights For Instruction. Journal of Maltese Education Research, 2, 53-67.
 Chernoff, E. J. (2009). Sample space partitions: An investigative lens. Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 28, 19-29.
 Dooren, W. V., Bock, D. D., Depaepe, F., Janssens, D., & Verschaffel, L. (2003). The illusion of linearity: Expanding the evidence towards probabilistic reasoning. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 53, 113138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025516816886
 Erdem, E. (2011). An investigation of the seventh grade students’ mathematical and probabilistic reasoning skills. M.A. Thesis, Adiyaman: Adiyaman University.
 Fast, G. (1997). Using analogies to overcome student teachers’ probability misconceptions. Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 16, 325344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0732-3123(97)90011-0
 Fast, G. (2001). The stability of analogically reconstructed probability knowledge among secondary mathematics students. Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education, 1, 193-210.
 Fischbein, E. (1975). The intuitive sources of probabilistic thinking in children. Reidel, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
 Fischbein, E., & Schnarch, D. (1997). The evolution with age of probabilistic, intuitively based misconceptions. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 28, 96-105.
 Fischbein, E., Nello, M. S., & Marino, M. S. (1991). Factors affecting probabilistic judgements in children and adolescents. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 22, 523-549.
 Ford, M. I., & Kuhs, T. (1991). The act of investigating: Learning mathematics in the primary grades. Childhood Education, 67, 313-316.
 Garfield, J., & Ahlgren, A. (1988). Difficulties in Learning Basic Concepts in Probability and Statistics: Imlications for Research. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 19, 44-63.
 Gibbs, W., & Orton, J. (1994). Language and mathematics. In A. Orton, & G. Wain, (Eds.), Issues in teaching mathematics (pp. 95-116), London: Cassell.
 Greer, B. (2001). Understanding probabilistic thinking: The legacy of Efrahim Fischbein. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 45, 15-33.
 Gürbüz, R. (2007). The effects of computer aided instruction on students’ conceptual development: A case of probability subject. Eurasion Journal of Educational Research, 28, 75-87.
 Gürbüz, R., Catlioglu, H., Birgin, O., & Erdem E. (2010). An investigation of fifth grade students’ conceptual development of probability through activity based instruction: A quasi-experimental study. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 10, 1021-1069.
 Gürbüz, R. (2010). The effect of activity based instruction on conceptual development of seventh grade students in probability. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 41, 743-767.
 Gürbüz, R., & Birgin, O. (2012). The effect of computer-assisted teaching on remedying misconceptions: The case of the subject “probability”. Computers and Education, 58, 931-941.
 Gürbüz, R., Birgin, O., & Catlioglu, H. (2012). Comparing the probability-related misconceptions of pupils at different education levels. Croatian Journal of Education, 14, 307-357.
 Hammer, D. (1996). More than misconceptions: Multiple perspectives on student knowledge and reasoning, and an appropriate role for education research. American Journal of Physics, 64, 1316-1325.
 Jones, G. A., Langrall, C. W., Thornton, C. A., & Timothy Mogill, A. (1997). A framework for assessing and nurturing young children’s thinking in probability. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 32, 101125.
 Jun, L. (2000). Chinese students’ understanding of probability. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertartion. Singapore: National Institue of Education, Nanyang Technological University.
 Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1972). Subjective probability: A judgment of representativeness. Cognitive Psychology, 3, 430-454.
 Kazima, M. (2006). Malawian students’ meanings for probability vocabulary. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 64, 169-189.
 Keren, G. (1984). On the importance of identifying the correct sample space. Cognition, 16, 121-128.
 Konold, C., Pollatsek, A., Well, A., Lohmeier, J., & Lipson, A. (1993). Inconsistencies in students’ reasoning about probability. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 24, 392-414.
 Konold, C. (1989). Informal conceptions of probability. Journal of Cognition and Instruction, 6, 59-98.
 Lamprianou, I., & Lamprianou, T. A. (2003). The nature of pupils’ probabilistic thinking in primary schools in Cyprus. International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 3, 173-180.
 Lecoutre, M. P. (1992). Cognitive models and problem spaces in “purely random” situations. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 23, 557568. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00540060
 Memnun, D. S. (2008). Olasilik kavramlarinin ogrenilmesinde karsilasilan zorluklar, bu kavramlarin ogrenilememe nedenleri ve cozüm onerileri. Inonü üniversitesi Egitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 9, 89-101.
 Mevarech, Z. R. (1983). A deep structure model of students’ statistical misconceptions. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 14, 415-429.
 Morsanyi, K., Primi, C., Chiesi, F., & Handley, S. (2009). The effects and side-effects of statistics education: Psychology students’ (mis)conceptions of probability. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 34, 210-220.
 Moyer, P. S., Bolyard, J. J., & Spikell, M. A. (2002). What are virtual manipulatives? Teaching Children Mathematics, 8, 372-377.
 Nilsson, P. (2007). Different ways in which students handle chance encounters in the explorative setting of a dice game. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 66, 293-315.
 Nilsson, P. (2009). Conceptual variation and coordination in probability reasoning. Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 28, 247-261.
 Offenbach, S. I. (1964). Studies of children’s probability learning behavior: I. Effect of reward and punishment at two age levels. Child Development, 35, 709-715.
 Offenbach, S. I. (1965). Studies of children’s probability learning behavior: II. Effect of method event frequency at two age levels. Child Development, 36, 951-962. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1126936
 Olson, J. (2007). Developing students’ mathematical reasoning through games. Teaching Children Mathematics, 13, 464-471.
 Piaget, J. (1952). The child’s conception of number. New York: Humanities Press.
 Polaki, M. V. (2002). Using instruction to identify key features of basotho elementary students’ growth in probabilistic thinking. Mathematical Thinking and Learning, 4, 285-313.
 Pratt, D. (2000). Making sense of the total of two dice. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 31, 602-625.
 Sfard, A., Nesher, P., Streefland, L., Cobb, P., & Mason, J. (1998). Learning mathematics through conversation: Is it as good as they say? For the Learning of Mathematics, 18, 41-51.
 Sharma, S. (2006). How do Pasifika Students reason about probability? Some findings from fiji. Waikato Journal of Education, 12, 87-100.
 Shaughnessy, J. M. (1993). Probability and statistics. Mathematics Teacher, 86, 244-248.
 Shaughnessy, J. M. (1977). Misconceptions of probability: An experiment with a small group, activity-based, model building approach to introductory probability at the college level. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 8, 295-316.
 Shaw, D. (1999). Active teaching for active learners. Curriculum Administrator, 35, 37-45.
 Tatsis, K., Kafoussi, S., & Skoumpourdi, C. (2008). Kindergarten children discussing the fairness of probabilistic games: The creation of a primary discursive community. Early Chilhood Education Journal, 36, 221-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10643-008-0283-y
 Thompson, P. W. (1992). Notations, principles, and constraints: Contributions to the effective use of concrete manipulatives in elementary mathematics. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 23, 123-147.
 Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (2003). Preference, belief, and similarity: Selected writings by Amos Tversky/edited by Eldar Shafir. Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases (p. 207). Cambridge: The MIT Press.
 Watson, J. M., & Moritz, J. B. (2002). School students’ reasoning about conjunction and conditional events. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 33, 59-84.
 Watson, J. M., & Kelly, B. A. (2004). Statistical variation in a chance setting: A two-year study. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 57, 121-144.
 Way, J. (2003). The development of young children’s notions of probability. Proceedings of CERME3, Bellaria.
 Weir, M. W. (1962). Effects of age and instructions on children’s probability learning. Child Development, 33, 729-735.
 Zembat, I. O. (2008). Kavram Yanilgisi Nedir? In M. F. Ozmantar, E. Bingolbali, & H. Akkoc (Eds.), Matematiksel Kavram Yanilgilari ve Cozüm Onerileri (pp. 1-8). Ankara: PegemA Yayincilik.