IJG  Vol.5 No.1 , January 2014
Determination of Indicator Plants for Boron in the Kirka (Eskisehir/Turkey) Boron Deposit Area
ABSTRACT

The amount of elements in plants is important for biogeochemical explorations. Some plants which were accumulated extremely elements, are called indicator plants. In this study, the 11 plant species and soil samples were collected boron deposits area in Kirka (Eskisehir). Boron is determinated in plants (leaves and twigs) and soil samples. Additionally, statistical relations were established between the B values of plant and soil samples and three plants were only found. The boron in twigs of Puccinellia intermedia (n = 17, r = 0.7274), twigs of Genista aucheri (n = 26, r = 0.8581 and leaves of Pinus nigra (n = 16, r = 0.6805) species are found 119, 81 and 115 mg/kg respectively. This species was reflected boron in soil and their used indicator plant for boron. The indicator plants could be successfully used for biogeochemical prospecting and environmental monitoring.


Cite this paper
Özdemir, Z. , Zorlu, S. , Akyıldız, M. and Eryılmaz, F. (2014) Determination of Indicator Plants for Boron in the Kirka (Eskisehir/Turkey) Boron Deposit Area. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 77-84. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2014.51009.
References
[1]   C. Helvaci and F. Orti, “Zoning in the Kirka Borate Deposit, Western Turkey: Primary Evaporitic Fractionation or Diagenetic Modifications?” The Canadian Minerologist, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2004, pp. 1179-1204.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/gscanmin.42.4.1179

[2]   N. Arslan, A. CiCek and C. Akkan, “Accumulation of Heavy Metals by Earthworms in Boron-Contaminated Area (Kirka-Eskisehir),” Zoology in the Middle East, Vol. 51, Suppl. 2, 2010, pp. 111-116.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09397140.2010.10638463

[3]   M. KOksoy, “Uygulamali Jeokimya,” Hacettepe University Publication, Ankara, 1991, p. 366 [in Turkish].

[4]   R. R. Brooks, C. E. Dunn and G. E. M. Hall, “Biological System in Mineral Exploration and Processing,” Elles Horwood Limitid, Bel Air, 1995, p. 538.

[5]   A. W. Rose, H. E. Hawkes and J. S. Webb, “Geochemistry in mineral Exploration,” 2nd Edition, Academic Press, New York, 1979, p. 657.

[6]   A. L. Kovalevskii, “Biogeochemical Prospecting for Ore Deposits in the U.S.S.R, Journal of Geochemical,” Exploration, Vol. 21, No. 1-3, 1984, pp. 63-72.

[7]   A. Sagiroglu and Z. Ozdemir, “Biogeochemical Prospection,” Geological Engineering, Vol. 51, 1997, pp. 1-17.

[8]   P. A. Floyd, C. Helvaci and S. K. Mittwede, “Geochemical Discrimination of Volkanic Rocks Associated with Borate Deposits: An Exploration Tool?” Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Vol. 260, No. 3, 1998, pp. 185-205.

[9]   Z. Ozdemir, “Biogeochemical Studies at the Musali and Silifke-Anamur Area in Mersin, Turkey,” Geochemistry International, Vol. 241, No. 9, 2003, pp. 1-6.

[10]   Z. Ozdemir, “Pinus brutia as a Biogeochemical Medium to Detect Iron and Zinc in Soil Analysis, Cromite Deposits of the Area Mersin, Turkey,” Chemie der Erde, Vol. 265, No. 1, 2005, pp. 79-88.

[11]   M. Babaoglu, S. Gezgin, B. Sade and H. Dural, “Gypsophila sphaerocephala Fezl ex Tchihat.: A. Boron Hyperaccumulator Plant Species That May Phytoremediate Soils with Toxic B Levels, TUBITAK,” Turkish Journal of Botany, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2004, pp. 273-278.

[12]   W. H. Schlesinger, “Biogeochemistry,” In: H. D. Holland and K. K. Turekian, Eds., Treatise on Geochemistry, 8th Edition, Elsevier, London, 2006, p. 702,

[13]   H. Turan, Z. Ozdemir and S. Zorlu, “Investigation of Biogeochemical Anomalies for Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, and Ni in Ciftehan (Ulukisla-Nigde) Area,” Istanbul Earth Science Review, Vol. 219, No. 2, 2006, 131-140 [in Turkish with English Abstract].

[14]   M. J. Batista, M. M. Abreu and P. M. Serrano, “Biogeochemistry in Neves Corvo Mining Region, Iberian Pyrite Belt, Portugal,” Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Vol. 292, No. 2-3, 2007, pp. 159-176.

[15]   C. E. Dunn, “Biogeochemistry in Mineral Exploration,” Handbook of Exploration and Environmental Geochemistry, Vol. 9, Elsevier, London, 2007, p. 462.

[16]   E. Demir and Z. Ozdemir, “Kazanli (Mersin) BOlgesinde Cr, Fe, Ni ve Co Nun Cevreye Etkisi ve bir Biyojeokimyasal Calisma,” Mersin Symposium, Mersin, 19-22 November 2008, pp. 146-159 [in Turkish],

[17]   T. Unver, O. Bozkurt and M. S. Akkaya, “Identification of Differentially Expressed Transcripts from Leaves of the Boron Tolernt Plant Gypsophila perfoliata L.,” Plant Cell Reports, Vol. 227, No. 8, 2008, pp. 1411-1422.

[18]   Z. Ozdemir, “Bitkilerle Maden Bulunabilir Mi? Biyojeokimyasal (Bitki Jeokimyasi) Prospeksiyon Nedir?” Journal of Mining and Earth Science, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2009, pp. 14-19 [in Turkish].

[19]   Z. Ozdemir and E. Demir, “Nickel Accumlating Species of Alyssum murale Waldst. & Kit from Findikpinari-Erdemli/Mersin Area,” Geology Engineering, Vol. 234, No. 1, 2010, pp. 57-70 [in Turkish with English abstract].

[20]   A. R. Stiles, D. Bautista, E. Atalay, M. Babaoglu and N. Terry, “Mechanisms of Boron Tolerance and Accumulation in Plants: A Physiological Comparison of the Extremely Boron-Tolerant Plant Species, Puccinellia distans, with the moderately Boron-Tolerant Gysophila arrostil,” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 244, No. 18, 2010, pp. 7089-7095.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es1016334

[21]   W. Bergman, “Nutritional Disorders of Plants, Development, Visual and Analytical Diagnosis,” Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, 1992, p. 741.

[22]   R. O. Nable, G. S. Banuelos and J. G. Paull, “Boron Toxicity,” Plant and Soil, Vol. 2193, No. 1-2, 1992, pp. 181-198. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1004272227886

[23]   Y. SavasCin and T. Oyman, “Tectono-Magmatic Evolution of Alkaline Volcanis at the Kirka-Afyon-Isparta Structural Trend, SW Turkey,” Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 27, 1997, pp. 201-214 [in Turkish].

[24]   C. Helvaci, “The Geological Situation and Economical Importance of Turkey Borate Deposits and Borate Policy. 5,” Symposium of Industrial Minerals, Izmir, 2004, pp. 11-27 [in Turkish with English Abstract].

[25]   S. GOk, A. Cakir and A. Dundar, “Survey of Kirka Towns and Surrounding Area Borate Deposits and other Industrial Minerals,” Mineral Research and Exploration Institute of Turkey (MTA) Report No: 6768 [Unpublished, in Turkish with English Abstract], 1979.

[26]   P. H. Davis, “Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands,” Vol. 1-9, Universty Press, Edinburgh, pp. 1965-1985.

[27]   A. Alkan, “Resistance of Different Cereal Species and Wheat and Barley Cultivars to Boron Toxicity and Factors Affecting Expression of High Boron Resistance,” PhD Thesis, Cukurova University, Adana, [Unpublished, in Turkish with English Abstract], 1998.

[28]   L. Zaijun, C. Zhengwei and T. Jian, “The Determination of Boron in Food and Seed by Spectrophotometry Using a New Reagent 3,4-Dihydroxyazomethine-H,” Food Chemistry, Vol. 294, No. 2, 2006, pp. 310-314.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.01.019

[29]   L. R. Spouncer, R. O. Nable and B. Cartwright, “A Procedure for the Determination of Soluble Boron in Soils Ranging Widely in Boron Concentrations, Sodicity and pH,” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, Vol. 223, No. 5-6, 1992, pp. 441-453

[30]   F. T. Bingham, “Boron,” In: A. L. Page, R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeney, Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Madison, 1982, pp. 431-447.

[31]   R. R. Brooks, A. J. M. Baker and F. Malaisse, “Copper Flowers,” National Geographic Research and Exploration, Vol. 8, 1992, pp. 338-351.

[32]   H. Ozbek, Z. Kaya, M. GOk and H. Kaptan, “Toprak Bilimi, Cukurova,” University Publication 73, 1993, p. 816 [in Turkish],

[33]   B. Kacar and A. V. Katkat, “Bitki Besleme,” 4th Edition, Nobel Publication, No. 849, Ankara, 2009, p. 657 [in Turkish].

 
 
Top